Machiavelli's Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy and Japan

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Cornell University Press, 2003 - History - 456 pages
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Two late-developing nations, Japan and Italy, similarly obsessed with achieving modernity and with joining the ranks of the great powers, have traveled parallel courses with very different national identities. In this audacious book about leadership and historical choices, Richard J. Samuels emphasizes the role of human ingenuity in political change. He draws on interviews and archival research in a fascinating series of paired biographies of political and business leaders from Italy and Japan.

Beginning with the founding of modern nation-states after the Meiji Restoration and the Risorgimento, Samuels traces the developmental dynamic in both countries through the failure of early liberalism, the coming of fascism, imperial adventures, defeat in wartime, and reconstruction as American allies. Highlights of Machiavelli's Children include new accounts of the making of postwar Japanese politics—using American money and Manchukuo connections—and of the collapse of Italian political parties in the Clean Hands (Mani Pulite) scandal.

The author also tells the more recent stories of Umberto Bossi's regional experiment, the Lega Nord, the different choices made by Italian and Japanese communist party leaders after the collapse of the USSR, and the leadership of Silvio Berlusconi and Ishihara Shintar on the contemporary right in each country.

 

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Contents

Why Leaders Matter
1
Chasing Prestige and Security
21
How to Build a State Count Cavour Ito Hirobumi and Yamagata Aritomo
41
How to Build Wealth Alessandro Rossi Okubu Toshimichi and Shibusawa Eichi
69
The Death of Liberalism Giovanni Giolitti and Hara Kei
99
The Birth of Corporatism Muto Sanji Alessandro Rossi Kishi Nobusuke Giovanni Agnelli and Ayukawa Gisuke
124
The Total Leader Benito Mussolini
152
Chasing Democracy
179
Putting Corruption in Its Place Kishi Nobusuke and Amintore Fanfani
225
Chasing Normality
263
Choices on the Left Achille Occhetto and Fuwa Tetsuzo
299
Options on the Right Umberto Bossi Silvio Berlusconi Ozawa Ichiro and Ishihara Shintaro
316
How Leaders Have Mattered in Italy and Japan
344
Notes
363
References
411
Index
445

What Kind of Ally to Be Alcide De Gasperi and Yoshida Shigeru
197

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About the author (2003)

Richard J. Samuels is Ford International Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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