Machiavelli's Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy and Japan
Two late-developing nations, Japan and Italy, similarly obsessed with achieving modernity and with joining the ranks of the great powers, have traveled parallel courses with very different national identities. In this audacious book about leadership and historical choices, Richard J. Samuels emphasizes the role of human ingenuity in political change. He draws on interviews and archival research in a fascinating series of paired biographies of political and business leaders from Italy and Japan.
Beginning with the founding of modern nation-states after the Meiji Restoration and the Risorgimento, Samuels traces the developmental dynamic in both countries through the failure of early liberalism, the coming of fascism, imperial adventures, defeat in wartime, and reconstruction as American allies. Highlights of Machiavelli's Children include new accounts of the making of postwar Japanese politics—using American money and Manchukuo connections—and of the collapse of Italian political parties in the Clean Hands (Mani Pulite) scandal.
The author also tells the more recent stories of Umberto Bossi's regional experiment, the Lega Nord, the different choices made by Italian and Japanese communist party leaders after the collapse of the USSR, and the leadership of Silvio Berlusconi and Ishihara Shintar on the contemporary right in each country.
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Why Leaders Matter
Chasing Prestige and Security
How to Build a State Count Cavour Ito Hirobumi and Yamagata Aritomo
How to Build Wealth Alessandro Rossi Okubu Toshimichi and Shibusawa Eichi
The Death of Liberalism Giovanni Giolitti and Hara Kei
The Birth of Corporatism Muto Sanji Alessandro Rossi Kishi Nobusuke Giovanni Agnelli and Ayukawa Gisuke
The Total Leader Benito Mussolini
Putting Corruption in Its Place Kishi Nobusuke and Amintore Fanfani
Choices on the Left Achille Occhetto and Fuwa Tetsuzo
Options on the Right Umberto Bossi Silvio Berlusconi Ozawa Ichiro and Ishihara Shintaro
How Leaders Have Mattered in Italy and Japan
What Kind of Ally to Be Alcide De Gasperi and Yoshida Shigeru