Machine learning of natural language
We are still a long way from designing computers that can understand human languages. The authors view natural language as fundamental to human cognitive processes and perhaps the key to making machines that can understand us. In this electronic age, language is increasingly the province of workers in the fields of cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence who record, transmit, simulate and analyse its form and representation. The authors explore current thinking in the search for machine understanding of human languages, focusing on how computing machinery can acquire the cognitive structures which occur in natural language. The book begins with a summary of basic views of methodology, bringing together linguistic, scientific, neurological and related cognitive approaches. It concludes with a description of experimental learning mechanisms, some of which are simplifications of the way a natural language acquisition system might be built, and some example programs in PROLOG.
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Art Science and Engineering
Metaphor as a Cognitive Process
Psychology and Psycholinguistics
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abstraction Acquisition of Language Artificial Intelligence association basis Battery behaviour brain cell chapter child Chomsky Chomsky's class words clause closed class words cognitive cohesion complex Computer Science concept consider context contrast correction cortex environment evidence example experiments Expert Systems feedback function Function Computer Science guage heuristics hierarchy human hypotheses imitation innate input interaction involving Jean Piaget Language Academic Press language acquisition language learning linguistic logical mechanism memory metaphor modalities motor Natural Language negative neural neurons Noam Chomsky noun Ontogenesis Ontogenesis of Language ontology open class words paradigm parse particular patterns Perceptron phonological hierarchy Piaget possible problem PROLOG proposed psycholinguistic Rand Corporation recognition recognized referential reinforcement relation relationships restrictions role rules self-organization semantics sense sensory sensory-motor sentences Slobin specific speech stage structure synaptic syntactic syntax Tagmemics theory tion transformations ture utterance verb whilst
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