Machon: The Fragments
Machon was a writer of Comedies who lived and worked in Alexandria in the middle of the third century B.C. All of his work that survives is preserved in the Deipnosophistae of Athenaeus who, besides two fragments of Comedies of no great importance, quotes also 462 verses from a collection of anecdotes which Machon called Xpeiai. These anecdotes are written in the iambic verse of Comedy. They are concerned with the doings and sayings of courtesans, parasites, and musicians, sometimes in relation to persons of historical importance. They are often scabrous but also not infrequently amusing; and they are of considerable interest both as documents of social history and as a type of literature which, though popular in antiquity, has hardly survived. The Xpeiai, which present many problems of reading and interpretation, have never before been separately edited. Recent editors of Athenaeus have improved the text; but to find commentaries it is necessary to go back to Casaubon's edition of Athenaeus, published in 1600, and to Schweighauser's, published in 1801-7.
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Aesch Aeschin anapaest anecdotes Antiphan appears Arist Aristophanes Athenaeus Athenaeus's Athens Attic Berisades Blaydes called Casaubon Chaerephon cited citharode Cnr6 Comedy common connexion context Corydus D. W. Thompson Deipnosophistae Demetrius Demetrius Poliorcetes Dindorf Diogenes Diphilus dithyrambic Dorion doubt elsewhere emendation Epitome evidently fish follows Gnathaena Gnathaenium Greek guess Gulick Headlam on Hdas hetaerae implies irap irpos joke Kaibel KCCi lacuna later Lynceus Machon Mania mean Meineke Meineke's Menand mentioned metrical mistress MuXcov nickname note on Theocr noun occurs parasite Peppink perhaps Philoxenus phrase Plat Plut Polyb possible presumably probably Ptolemy Ptolemy Soter quoted reference says Schweig Schweighauser seems sense sentence Soph Stratonicus suggested Suidas Suppl TCOV Tfjs TIVOS TOUT TOUTO TTIV TTJS TTOT TTOTE verb Wilamowitz wine word wrote Xpelai