Maintaining Budgetary Discipline: Spending and Revenue Options
Compiles 250 specific policy options for reducing federal spending or increasing revenues in a wide variety of programs. It is intended to help policymakers maintain budgetary discipline and accomplish related policy goals. Part One includes more than 200 options for reducing spending, organized by the functional categories of the budget. Part Two presents more than 50 options for generating revenues. The report concludes with an appendix listing the scorekeeping guidelines used to enforce the discretionary spending limits and pay-as-you-go requirement of the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 (as amended). Charts and tables.
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activities Added Revenues Billions addition Administration agencies agricultural aircraft allow amount Amtrak analog television appropriations areas argue assets assistance Authority Outlays Annual average benefits block grants Budget Authority Outlays Committee on Taxation Congress Congressional Budget Office copayment corporations costs coverage Cumulative current law deduct Discretionary RELATED OPTION eligible eliminating employees energy enrollees estate tax estimates exports federal funding federal government firms Ginnie Mae hospitals incentive income tax increase investment itemized deductions Joint Committee limit loans low-income Mandatory RELATED OPTIONS Medicaid Medicare Medicare's medigap ment military million in 2000 Millions of dollars offset operating Opponents Outlay Savings Millions Outlays Annual 2000 payments percent period plans premiums production proposed purchase rates receipts receive RELATED CBO PUBLICATION require retirement Social Security sources SPENDING CATEGORY subsidies taxable taxpayers tion tritium user fees
Page 57 - ... adding federal funds to private and local public spending to encourage local investment in building improvements. And the State Energy Conservation Program funds projects that, for example, establish energy-efficiency standards for buildings and promote public transportation and carpooling. Those three DOE programs are independent of a similar block grant activity, the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Federal grants to...
Page 122 - Authority, a corporation clothed with the power of government but possessed of the flexibility and initiative of a private enterprise. It should be charged with the broadest duty of planning for the proper use, conservation, and development of the natural resources of the Tennessee River drainage basin and its adjoining territory for the general social and economic welfare of the Nation.
Page 98 - SEC, as well as other federal financial regulators, such as the Office of Thrift Supervision and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.
Page 68 - The Clean Water Act (CWA) and the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA...
Page 284 - ... (E) In estimating net present values, the discount rate shall be the average interest rate on marketable Treasury securities of similar maturity to the cash flows of the direct loan or loan guarantee for which the estimate is being made.
Page 279 - Cars are an important source of VOCs. VOCs include chemicals such as benzene, toluene, methylene chloride, and methyl chloroform. Health effects. In addition to ozone (smog) effects, many VOCs can cause serious health problems such as cancer and other effects. Environmental effects. In addition to ozone (smog) effects, some VOCs such as formaldehyde and ethylene may harm plants.
Page 236 - Most taxpayers receive the 20 percent rate with a resulting maximum credit of $480 for one child and $960 for two or more children.
Page 283 - There should be no explicit government guarantee of third party financing. All risks to ownership of the asset (eg financial responsibility for destruction or loss of the asset, etc.) should remain with the lessor unless the Government was at fault for such losses. The asset should be a general purpose asset rather than for a special purpose of the Government and should not be built to unique specification for the Government as lessee. There should be a private-sector market for the asset. The project...
Page 283 - ... asset, the present value of the minimum lease payments over the life of the lease does not exceed 90 percent of the fair market value of the asset at the beginning of the lease term...