Making Work Pay in Bangladesh: Employment, Growth, and Poverty Reduction
Pierella Paci, Marcin Jan Sasin
World Bank, 2008 - Business & Economics - 72 pages
Poor people derive most of their income from work. However, there is insufficient understanding of the role of employment and earnings as a link between growth and poverty reduction, especially in low income countries. The 'Making Work Pay' series analyzes the important roles of labor markets, employment, productivity, and labor income in facilitating shared growth and promoting poverty reduction. 'Making Work Pay in Bangladesh' provides a description of the trends in growth, poverty, and labor market outcomes in Bangladesh. It assesses the linkages among changes in output, employment, and labor productivity, and it links changes in the quality and quantity of employment to poverty reduction. The book also addresses other key issues, such as rural versus urban conditions, women and children in the labor market, and self-employment and household enterprises, and it identifies priorities for further analysis and policy intervention. 'Making Work Pay in Bangladesh' will be of interest to development practitioners in international organizations, governments, research institutions, and universities with an interest in inclusive growth and the creation of productive employment.
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Selected Issues 49
Labor Market Overview
Poverty and the Labor Market
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20 percent absolute number activities agriculture Asian Development Bank assets consumption contribution daily labor daily wage daily workers decline decomposition demographic Despite earnings employed employment rate employment-to-population ratios EPZs expansion Expenditure Survey export ficul Figure five-year averages flexible labor market GDP growth GDP per capita grew growing growth acceleration growth in Bangladesh higher household enterprises household surveys important income growth increase industry inequality International Labour Organization intersectoral investment climate labor income macroeconomic ment microcredit migration minimum wage national accounts nonagricultural noncrop nonfarm overall percent of GDP poverty lines poverty rate poverty reduction private sector productivity public sector relatively rural areas salaried employment salaried jobs sector wage segmentation self-employed self-employment services sector share tion total income total population urban areas wage workers women working-age population World Bank 1996 World Bank 2006