Making Work Pay in Madagascar: Employment, Growth, and Poverty Reduction
Margo Hoftijzer, Pierella Paci
World Bank, 2008 - Business & Economics - 139 pages
Poor people derive most of their income from work. However, there is insufficient understanding of the role of employment and earnings as a link between growth and poverty reduction, especially in low income countries. The 'Making Work Pay' series analyzes the important roles of labor markets, employment, productivity, and labor income in facilitating shared growth and promoting poverty reduction. 'Making Work Pay in Madagascar' provides a description of the trends in growth, poverty, and labor market outcomes in Madagascar. It assesses the linkages among changes in output, employment, and labor productivity, and it links changes in the quality and quantity of employment to poverty reduction. The book also addresses other key issues, such as rural versus urban conditions, women and children in the labor market, and self-employment and household enterprises, and it identifies priorities for further analysis and policy intervention. 'Making Work Pay in Madagascar' will be of interest to development practitioners in international organizations, governments, research institutions, and universities with an interest in inclusive growth and the creation of productive employment."
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agricultural earnings analysis Antananarivo better-off households capita labor income capital-labor ratio changes in labor changes in poverty chapter child labor rates contributions of changes crisis decomposition decrease dependency rate depth of poverty differences distribution earnings data effect employed employment categories expenditure quintiles fall family labor fell Fianarantsoa formal sector GDP per capita gender household income household labor income household members household surveys impact income quintiles increase INSTAT HHS labor market Madagascar Malagasy ariary median earnings national accounts negative nonagricultural wage nonfarm enterprise nonpoor number of hours output per worker percentage points period poor postsecondary poverty line poverty rate primary education primary sector reduced relatively rural areas secondary and tertiary secondary sector sector output sector workers segments self-employed subsectors substantial tertiary sector total factor productivity upper secondary urban areas wage earnings wage employment wage jobs wage workers women working-age population World Bank