Making Work Pay in Madagascar: Employment, Growth, and Poverty Reduction
Margo Hoftijzer, Pierella Paci
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 2008 - Business & Economics - 139 pages
Poor people derive most of their income from work; however, there is insufficient understanding of the role of employment and earnings as a linkage between growth and poverty reduction, especially in low income countries. With the objective of providing inputs into the policy discussion on how to enhance poverty reduction through increased employment and earnings for given growth levels, this study explores this linkage in the case of Madagascar using data from the national accounts and household surveys from the years 1999, 2001, and 2005, a period characterized among others by a short but se.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
agricultural earnings analysis Antananarivo average hourly earnings better-off households capital weekly changes in labor chapter child labor rates compared crisis decomposition dependency rate depth of poverty differences distribution effect t-value Marginal employed employment categories employment rates expenditure quintiles fall family labor fell Fianarantsoa formal sector GDP per capita gender growth rates household income household labor income household members household surveys impact increase INSTAT HHS labor market levels Lower secondary Madagascar Malagasy Malagasy ariary Marginal effect t-value median earnings national accounts national poverty line nonagricultural wage nonfarm enterprise nonpoor output per worker percentage points period poor poverty rate poverty reduction precrisis primary sector R-squared relatively rural areas secondary and tertiary secondary sector sector earnings sector output sector workers self-employed substantial t-value Marginal effect tertiary sector Toliara Total Factor Productivity U.S. Census Bureau upper secondary urban areas wage employment wage jobs wage workers women working-age population World Bank
Page 10 - Keynesian or the monetarist variety) by distinguishing between the "primary sector" of the world economy on the one hand and the "secondary" and "tertiary
Page 68 - However, there is a sizable variance around the 'typical' outcomes for the poor. One source of variance is that 'economic growth,' as measured in the national accounts, is not always reflected in average household living standards as measured in surveys, at least in the short run.
Page 80 - The final component, the residual, can be interpreted as a measure of the correlation between population shifts and changes in poverty within the sectors.
Page 60 - First, the average weekly earnings series does not take into account changes in the number of hours worked per week, and second, it ignores the increasing importance of fringe benefits as a part of the payment r*^"ST available to workers. Hours of work have been systematically declining throughout the post-World War II era.
Page xi - FAO Food and Agriculture Organization EDI Foreign Direct Investment GDP Gross Domestic Product...
Page 39 - Median earnings among employees in registered nonfarm enterprises are more than two and a half times higher than those for workers in unregistered enterprises.
Page 19 - Over a quarter of the population lives in urban areas, indicating a steady pace of urbanization since the 1960s, when more than 85 percent of the population lived in rural areas.