Making Work Pay in Nicaragua: Employment, Growth, and Poverty Reduction
Catalina Gutiérrez, Pierella Paci, Marco Ranzani
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 2008 - Business & Economics - 129 pages
Poor people derive most of their income from work; however, there is insufficient understanding of the role of labor markets, employment, and earnings as a linkage between growth and poverty reduction, especially in low income countries. To provide inputs into the policy discussion on how to enhance poverty reduction through increased employment and earnings for given growth levels, this study explores this linkage in the case of Nicaragua using data for 2001 and 2005. To do so, the study discusses macroeconomic growth and the labor market in Nicaragua, presenting sectoral employment and produ.
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aggregate agriculture Authors’calculations based bad jobs sector barriers to mobility based on data based on EMNV capita value added changes in output cohort complete secondary contribution of changes d d d data from BCN data from EMNV decomposed decomposition decreased employers employment categories employment growth employment rate export family enterprise workers formal employment formal sector higher household enterprise workers important increase individual characteristics informal sector International Finance Corporation intersectoral shifts labor force labor market level of education Macroeconomic maize Managua maquila sector ment minimum wage Mining and utilities Nicaragua nonlabor income nonpoor output per worker overall percentage points poor poverty line poverty reduction productivity quintile reduce rural segmentation selection bias self-employed self-employment share of employment skill mismatch skill premium Source ß coefficients structure Table tertiary tion total employment unemployed unskilled urban wage employment Waged employed working-age population World Bank ω ω ω
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