Making a Great Ruler: Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania

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Central European University Press, 2006 - History - 337 pages
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How does a ruler become "the Great"? Is greatness a part of authority exercised or a part of an image created? These and other questions are addressed in this volume on the life and memory of Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania (r.1392-1430). The study raises a hypothesis that Vytautas was the main engineer of his image as the great ruler while his contemporaries and later generations developed this image and adapted it to their needs and understandings. Investigating the propaganda surrounding the grand duke, this study reveals that, in fact, there were two opposite images: that of a good ruler and that of a tyrant. The paradox is that frequently these opposites were based on the same features of the grand duke's character or episodes from his biography. The research is based on a wide array of written and visual sources as well as on records of oral tradition. Rich and diverse primary materials are analysed from the perspectives of political and social history, memorial culture, as well as iconography and rhetoric.
 

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Contents

IX
19
X
20
XI
21
XIII
22
XIV
24
XV
26
XVII
29
XVIII
31
LV
155
LVI
158
LVII
159
LVIII
160
LIX
165
LX
169
LXI
170
LXIII
173

XIX
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XXI
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XXIII
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XXIV
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XXV
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XXVI
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XXVII
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XXVIII
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XXIX
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XXX
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XXXII
62
XXXIII
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XXXIV
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XXXV
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XXXVI
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XXXVII
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XXXVIII
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XXXIX
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XL
76
XLI
117
XLII
120
XLIII
122
XLIV
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XLVI
127
XLVII
130
XLVIII
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XLIX
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L
146
LII
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LIII
150
LIV
152
LXIV
175
LXV
177
LXVI
180
LXVII
181
LXIX
186
LXX
188
LXXII
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LXXIII
192
LXXIV
194
LXXV
196
LXXVI
198
LXXVII
199
LXXVIII
203
LXXIX
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LXXX
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LXXXII
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LXXXIV
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LXXXV
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LXXXVI
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LXXXVII
262
LXXXVIII
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LXXXIX
264
XC
271
XCI
275
XCII
276
XCIII
294
XCIV
328
XCV
332
XCVI
333
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Page 15 - Willam (Vilnių), ubi in cinerem est redactus. Et miraculose in terra vorago visa profunda in longitudinem unius viri et medii absorbens cineres, quod a multis visum est, et tamen nemo vitam de astantibus emendavit; equi, vestimenta, arma etc omnia fuerunt incinerata; aves atque canes venatici cum eo incinerantur.

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