Making a Living: Work and Environment in the United States

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Univ of North Carolina Press, Jan 5, 2009 - History - 192 pages
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In an innovative fusion of labor and environmental history, Making a Living examines work as a central part of Americans' evolving relationship with nature, revealing the unexpected connections between the fight for workers' rights and the rise of the modern environmental movement.

Chad Montrie offers six case studies: textile "mill girls" in antebellum New England, plantation slaves and newly freed sharecroppers in the Mississippi Delta, homesteading women in the Kansas and Nebraska grasslands, native-born coal miners in southern Appalachia, autoworkers in Detroit, and Mexican and Mexican American farm workers in southern California. Montrie shows how increasingly organized and mechanized production drove a wedge between workers and nature--and how workers fought back. Workers' resistance not only addressed wages and conditions, he argues, but also planted the seeds of environmental reform and environmental justice activism. Workers played a critical role in raising popular consciousness, pioneering strategies for enacting environmental regulatory policy, and initiating militant local protest.

Filled with poignant and illuminating vignettes, Making a Living provides new insights into the intersection of the labor movement and environmentalism in America.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Labor Nature and the Lowell Mill Girls
13
Slaves and Freedmens Hunting Fishing and Gardening in the Mississippi Delta
35
Domesticating Nature in the KansasNebraska Grasslands
53
Nature and the Shift from Farmer to Miner to Factory Hand in Southern West Virginia
71
Michigan Autoworkers and the Origins of Modern Environmentalism
91
Southern California Farmworkers Pesticides and Environmental Justice
113
Conclusion
129
Notes
133
Bibliography
159
Index
173
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About the author (2009)

Chad Montrie is assistant professor of history at the University of Massachusetts Lowell and author of To Save the Land and People: A History of Opposition to Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia (from the University of North Carolina Press).

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