Making a Landscape Sacred: Outlying Churches and Icon Stands in Sphakia, Southwestern Crete
This book examines the landscape in southwestern Crete from AD 1000-2000, using a phenomenological approach. Specifically, the positioning of outlying churches (exokklisia) and icon stands (eikonostasia) around Sphakia is looked at, in terms of spatial and social reasoning. What is certainly clear, is that people choose the location of sacred buildings particularly carefully, so the locations themselves cannot be seen as random. Routes, resources and boundaries are all factors but primarily these locations are symbolic: such monuments mark, protect and preserve the memory of significant locations in the landscape.
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Additional References Aikaterini altitude ancient Anopoli and Frangokastello Anopolis Ridge Apokoronas archaeological Askyphou Astratigos basilica built Byzantine Byzantine-Venetian-Turkish chapel Christian church or icon churches and icon coastal commune boundary construction Crete crossroads Details and Measurements discussed Earlier significant structure edge eikonostasia eparchy example exokklisia FK CH Frangokastello Plain frescoes Georgios Glyka Nera grammar of location Greek Human boundaries icon box icon stands important Ioannis Prodhromos junction Kallikrati Kampia Kampos Kharalampos Khora Sphakion Komitadhes Kythira Lakko land Late Roman basilicas later Liminal location Limnia locations and explanations Loutro Madhares main car road mark markers memory metal icon stand Minoan Mouri neighbourhoods Nektarios Nikitas Nikolaos Nixon outlying churches Panagia Patsianos and Kapsodhasos Pavlos peak sanctuaries Plate Prophitis Ilias Region ruined sacred landscapes sacred structures saint Samaria Gorge settlement Skaloti spatial Sphakia Survey spolia stands in Anopoli study area suggest Timios Stavros Turkish village churches visible whitewashed xekatharisma