Making Connections: The Relational Worlds of Adolescent Girls at Emma Willard School

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Carol Gilligan, Nona Lyons, Trudy J. Hanmer
Harvard University Press, 1990 - Psychology - 334 pages

Making Connections maps new territory in the field of psychology. The essays in this volume are "a series of exercises en route to a new psychology of adolescence and women... and] part of a process that they also describe: of changing a tradition by including girls' voices, of listening to girls and asking again about the meaning of self, relationship, and morality - concepts central to any psychology of human development... Each essay originated with a question that arose or became clarified in the experience of the research. No attempt has been made to unify these essays or to arrive at a central thesis, beyond the common intention to listen for the ways in which girls orchestrate themes of connection and separation and concerns about care and justice in speaking about themselves, about their relationships, and about experiences of conflict...

"When Women's Studies is joined with the study of girls development it becomes clearer why adolescence is a critical time in girls' lives--a time when girls are in danger of losing their voices and thus losing connection with others, and also a time when girls, gaining voice and knowledge, are in danger of knowing the unseen and speaking the unspoken and thus losing connection with what is commonly taken to be 'reality. This crisis of connection in girls' lives at adolescence links the psychology of women with the most basic questions about the nature of relationships and the definition of reality. Girls questions about relationships and about reality, however, also tug at women's silences.


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Notes from
Listening to Voices We Have Not Heard
Conceptions of Separation and Connection in Female Adolescents
When Is a Moral Problem Not a Moral Problem?
Save the World Save Myself
Unfairness and Not Listening
Competencies and Visions
Racial Identity Formation and Transformation
The View from Step Number 16
Daughters Views of Their Relationships with Their Mothers
Looking for What Is Right

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About the author (1990)

Carol Gilligan is University Professor at the New York University School of Law.

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