Making martyrs in late antiquity
Making Martyrs focuses on both artistic and textual representations to investigate the making of martyrs in the fourth- and fifth-century Latin West. It shows that this "making" of martyrs played a crucial role in the process of Christianization during the post-Constantinian period. The writings of some of the most important figures in late antique Christianity -- Augustine, Ambrose and Jerome -- are considered, along with a number of anonymous, marginal, and marginalized texts. The book covers such major subjects as the history of martyrdom and martyr texts and the role of images and relics in cult and representation. It also examines a number of key themes including the role of spectacle in martyr representation, the importance of suffering in the construction of Christian identity, and the interaction of text and image in the process of representation. Between the chapters are "inserts" focusing on individual martyrs (such as the African martyr bishop Cyprian, and the virgin martyr par excellence, Agnes). These sections provide close readings of the textual and material testimony, and show how politics (textual, sexual, and ecclesiastical) were bound up in the making of martyrs. The power of the martyrs in Late Antiquity, and beyond, is clearly demonstrated.
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A Brief History of Martyrdom
Judicial Narrative and Judicial
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acta African Agnes Ambrose Augustine authority basilica bishop body Brown Carthage catacomb Catholic Chapter Christ Christianisation Church clearly confessio confessors congregation construction context crucial CSEL Cyprian Damasus death Delehaye depicting discussion Donatist Duval early Christian ecclesiastical ekphrasis evokes example Exhort Felix Felix of Nola fifth century figure Fructuosus Gallonius hagiographical heroes iconography images important inscription late antique Laurence literary liturgical Maccabees Marculus martyr acts martyr cult martyr narrative martyrdom martyrological medallion miracles narrator Nola North Africa Nova Petra Novatian pagan painting Passio SS Paulinus Paulinus of Milan Paulinus of Nola performance Peristephanon persecution persecutor poem polemic provides Prudentius punishment quaestio relationship relics representation rhetorical role Roman Rome saints scene scholars Serm shrine spectacle Stephen story stressed suffering tells Tertullian textual theme tion told tomb torments torture traditional trans Uzalis veneration Victricius Victricius of Rouen Vigilantius violence virgin Vita writing