The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800

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Verso, 1998 - History - 602 pages
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At the time when European powers colonized the Americas, the institution of slavery had almost disappeared from Europe itself. Having overcome an institution widely regarded as oppressive, why did they sponsor the construction of racial slavery in their new colonies?

Robin Blackburn traces European doctrines of race and slavery from medieval times to the early modern epoch, and finds that the stigmatization of the ethno-religious Other was given a callous twist by a new culture of consumption, freed from an earlier moral economy.

The Making of New World Slavery argues that independent commerce, geared to burgeoning consumer markets, was the driving force behind the rise of plantation slavery. The baroque state sought—successfully—to batten on this commerce, and—unsuccessfully—to regulate slavery and race. Successive chapters of the book consider the deployment of slaves in the colonial possessions of the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch, the English and the French. Each are shown to have contributed something to the eventual consolidation of racial slavery and to the plantation revolution of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It is shown that plantation slavery emerged from the impulses of civil society rather than from the strategies of the individual states.

Robin Blackburn argues that the organization of slave plantations placed the West on a destructive path to modernity and that greatly preferable alternatives were both proposed and rejected. Finally he shows that the surge of Atlantic trade, premised on the killing toil of the plantations, made a decisive contribution to both the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the West.
 

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The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern 1492-1800

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In his companion volume to The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery (Routledge, 1988), Blackburn, editor of the New Left Review, traces the development of slavery in the New World. He argues that independent ... Read full review

Contents

Shifting Identity and Racial Slavery
12
From the Baroque to the Creole
20
The Old World Background to New World Slavery
31
Portugal and Africa
95
Slavery and Spanish America
127
The Dutch War for Brazil and Africa
185
The Making of English Colonial Slavery
217
The Construction of the French Colonial System
277
Racial Slavery and the Rise of the Plantation
307
Colonial Slavery and the EighteenthCentury Boom
371
The Sugar Islands
401
Slavery on the Mainland
457
New World Slavery Primitive Accumulation and British
509
Epilogue
581
Index
594
Copyright

Development
298

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About the author (1998)

Robin Blackburn teaches at the New School in New York and the University of Essex in the UK. He is the author of many books, including The Making of New World Slavery, The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, Age Shock, Banking on Death, and The American Crucible.

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