Making the Grade: A Self-Worth Perspective on Motivation and School Reform

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 24, 1992 - Education - 351 pages
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Achievement behavior in schools can be understood best in terms of students' attempts to maintain a positive self-image. For many students, expending effort is frightening because a combination of effort and failure implies low ability. They have a variety of techniques for avoiding failure, ranging from cheating to setting goals that are so easily achieved that no risk is involved. Although teachers usually reward achievement and punish lack of effort, for many students risking the sense of defeat that comes from trying hard and not succeeding is too daunting. In Making the Grade, Martin Covington extracts powerful educational implications from self-worth theory and other contemporary views that will be useful for educators, parents, and all people concerned with the educational dilemmas we face.
 

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interesting book good to read it regularly because we may forget his principles

Contents

The future and its discontents
1
Motives as emotions
25
Motives as thoughts
50
Selfworth and the fear of failure
72
Achievement anxiety
104
The competitive learning game
130
Strategic thinking and the will to learn
183
An immodest proposal
216
The myths of competition
249
Appendix A Mastery learning
269
Appendix B Cooperative learning
276
Indexes
339
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