Making the Grade: A Self-Worth Perspective on Motivation and School Reform

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 24, 1992 - Education - 351 pages
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Achievement behaviour in schools can best be understood in terms of attempts by students to maintain a positive self-image. For many students, trying hard is frightening because a combination of effort and failure implies low ability, which is often equated with worthlessness. Thus many students described as unmotivated are in actuality highly motivated - not to learn, but to avoid failure. Students have a variety of techniques for avoiding failure, ranging from cheating to setting low goals which are easily achieved. In Making the Grade, Martin Covington extracts powerful educational implications from self-worth theory and other contemporary views of motivation that will be useful for everyone concerned with the educational dilemmas we face. He provides a comprehensive, insightful review of research and theory, both contemporary and historical, on the topic of achievement motivation, and arranges this knowledge in ways that lead to imminently practical recommendations for restructuring schools.
 

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interesting book good to read it regularly because we may forget his principles

Contents

The future and its discontents
1
Motives as emotions
25
Motives as thoughts
50
Selfworth and the fear of failure
72
Achievement anxiety
104
The competitive learning game
130
Strategic thinking and the will to learn
183
An immodest proposal
216
The myths of competition
249
Appendix A Mastery learning
269
Appendix B Cooperative learning
276
Indexes
339
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