Making the Grade: A Self-Worth Perspective on Motivation and School Reform
Achievement behaviour in schools can best be understood in terms of attempts by students to maintain a positive self-image. For many students, trying hard is frightening because a combination of effort and failure implies low ability, which is often equated with worthlessness. Thus many students described as unmotivated are in actuality highly motivated - not to learn, but to avoid failure. Students have a variety of techniques for avoiding failure, ranging from cheating to setting low goals which are easily achieved. In Making the Grade, Martin Covington extracts powerful educational implications from self-worth theory and other contemporary views of motivation that will be useful for everyone concerned with the educational dilemmas we face. He provides a comprehensive, insightful review of research and theory, both contemporary and historical, on the topic of achievement motivation, and arranges this knowledge in ways that lead to imminently practical recommendations for restructuring schools.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
academic achievement motivation adults American arousal assignments Atkinson attribution attribution theory basic become behavior believe causes chapter classroom cognitive competency competitive cooperation cooperative learning Covington & Omelich dents depends dynamics Educational Psychology Educational Research effect effort emotional Erlbaum example fact factors failure avoiders feelings future Global Gambit global warming goals grades high school Hillsdale Hispanic human important individuals instruction intrinsic involves John Journal of Educational Journal of Personality kinds knowledge learned helplessness less low ability mastery learning means ment metacognitive need achievement one's overstrivers performance perspective play players potential procedural knowledge reasons rewards Rodriguez role scores self-handicapping self-regulated learning self-worth sense serious games simply skills Social comparison theory Social Psychology strategies success and failure success-oriented suggests task teachers teaching test anxiety theory things thinking tion Weiner worry youngsters