Malaria and Anaemia: A Retrospective Case control study in a remote hospital in Zambia
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2010 in the subject Medicine - Public Health, grade: B, Atlantic International University (School of Human and Social studies), course: Fundementals of Epidemiology, language: English, abstract: Malaria is an endemic disease in Zambia and it’s a major public health problem in Africa, especially in the Tropics and developing countries. Malaria continues to place an unacceptable burden on health and economic development in over 100 countries across the world, with malaria mortality exceeding one million annually, primarily in children under five(3). Efforts have been put in place over the years to reduce the high incidence and mortality rate due to Malaria. From pharmaceutical options reviews to environmental actions, governments and their stakeholders through the Ministries of Health in various countries affected by the endemic, have worked to initiate policies for a massive and effective disease control. According to WHO, about 109 countries in the world are considered endemic for malaria,45 countries within the African continent.3,3 billion people were estimated to be at risk of malaria in 2006.Of this total,2,1 billion were at low risk(
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2009 to December Africa age group AGENT ENVIRONMENT anopheles Artemisinin-Based Combination asexual replication associated with anaemia calculate cerebral malaria Clinical manifestations cohort studies confounding factor control of confounding control study cycle develop anaemia disease in Zambia ecological EPIDEMIOLOGIC DETERMINANTS 2.1 Epidemiologic triad erythrocyte especially in children Fundamentals of Epidemiology gametocytes gametogenesis haemoglobin host indoor residual spraying infection Insecticide Treated Nets Intermittent Presumptive Treatment magnitude of Malaria Malaria and anaemia malaria associated malaria control program malaria control strategy MALARIA INCIDENCE RATE malaria indicator survey malaria parasite undergo malaria transmission Material and methods merozoites Ministry of Health morbidity and mortality National Malaria Control National malaria indicator null hypothesis Odds ratio oocyst ookinete Plasmodium falciparum pregnant women prevention regions relative risk Residual Spraying IRS risk factor schizogony Sichili mission hospital species sporozoites successful malaria control symptoms temperature Total anaemia Treated Nets ITNs Tuberculosis ward admits Zambian malaria control Zambian malaria initiative zygote