Mamaindé Stress: The Need for Strata, Issue 122
Stress plays an important role in the phonology, morphology, and syntax of Mamainde. The author uses the current theories of metrical and lexical phonology to analyze this stress system. It is demonstrated that a typical application of metrical rules alone will not predict stress correctly. Instead, Mamainde must make use of multiple strata in order for stress placement to be predicted.
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The Mamainde Syllable
The Data and the Problem
A Previous Solution
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analysis Apinaye autosegment chapter Chinantec coda position consonant Cycle 1 affixation End rule final ERFF ERFW ERIF rule example extrametrical feet foot and word foot level foot-level stress Goldsmith 1990 grid marks grid theory Guajajara heavy syllables Hixkaryana Kamakan khatox Kingston language families last syllable left-headed level stress lexical component lexical phonology lexical rules lexical strata lexicon licensing light syllables Mamainde stress Mamainde syllable Mamainde words metrical grid metrical trees mora row morphology Nambiquara nasal nucleus insertion rule onset position parameters perfect grid pheme phonetic phonological rules Phonological stress phrase level prefixes primary stress QS rule quantity sensitive reduplicated Repair strategy right-headed root morpheme rules QS secondary stress segmental tier sensitivity QS skeletal position Stratum I Cycle stress placement stress rules stress rules apply stress system stressed syllables string syllabification syllable structure syllable weight trochaic unstressed word level word-level stress XX X XX XX XX