Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium: Reactor-Related Options
Panel on Reactor-Related Options for the Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium, Office of International Affairs, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council
National Academies Press, Jul 20, 1995 - Science - 403 pages
Within the next decade, many thousands of U.S. and Russian nuclear weapons are slated to be retired as a result of nuclear arms reduction treaties and unilateral pledges. Hundreds of tons of plutonium and highly enriched uranium will no longer be needed for weapons purposes and will pose urgent challenges to international security. This is the supporting volume to a study by the Committee on International Security and Arms Control which dealt with all phases of the management and disposition of these materials. This technical study concentrates on the option for the disposition of plutonium, looking in detail at the different types of reactors in which weapons plutonium could be burned and at the vitrification of plutonium, and comparing them using economic, security and environmental criteria.
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3 Criteria for Comparing Disposition Options
4 Reactor Options
5 Disposal of Plutonium Without Irradiation
6 Comparing the Options
7 Conclusions and Recommendations
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50 tons actinides additional ALMR approach Atomics barriers borosilicate glass burnup CANDU reactors capacity civilian plutonium commercial compared construction criticality criticality accidents disposition of WPu disposition options dollars DWPF economic electricity energy enrichment ES&H estimates excess WPu existing fabrication facility fabrication plant factor fissile fission products FMEF fraction fuel cycle full-MOX cores glass logs heavy metal integrated inventory irradiation isotopes issues kgHM kilogram LEU fuel licensing LWRs material melter MHTGR million million/yr MOX cores MOX fabrication MOX fuel MOX fuel fabrication MTHM/yr MWd/MTHM neutron nuclear weapons nuclear-energy once-through oxide panel percent plutonium disposition mission plutonium fuel plutonium loading potential pyroprocessing quantities radioactive wastes reactor options reactor types recycle regulatory reprocessing Russia safety spent fuel spent fuel standard storage substantial surplus WPu thermal tons of WPu transport U.S. Department U.S. LWRs United uranium vitrification vitrification option waste form WPu disposition Yucca Mountain