Management of Latin American River Basins: Amazon, Plata, and São Francisco

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Asit K. Biswas
United Nations University Press, 1999 - Technology & Engineering - 325 pages
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The Bolivia Summit of the Americas declared in 1996 that "despite extensive efforts by countries in the Americas to improve water use and management, demand continues to rise while contamination has seriously degraded the quality of freshwater, spreading disease and causing economic losses."Increasing populations, the environmental stresses of economic development and water-related public health risks make sustainable water management increasingly complex. As per-capita demand for water in developing countries is steadily increasing, analysis indicates that the cost of future water source development will be double to triple the cost of similar projects in the current decade.This book gathers expert analyses of issues surrounding three of Latin America's largest and most important rivers, including inter-state and intra-state conflicts over their fair and sustainable use.

 

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Page 290 - Agencies, as a mechanism for international cooperation for the purpose of providing new and additional grant and concessional funding to meet the agreed incremental costs of measures to achieve agreed global environmental benefits...
Page 283 - The ultimate objective of the Convention is to achieve the 'stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate...
Page 284 - Convention, to be pursued in accordance with its relevant provisions, are the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources...
Page 285 - International law, as reflected in the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, referred to in this chapter of Agenda 21, sets forth rights and obligations of States and provides the international basis upon which to pursue the protection and sustainable development of the marine and coastal environment and its resources.
Page 290 - Bank and related interagency arrangements between the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the World Bank; (b) In April 1992, Participants in the GEF agreed that its structure and modalities should be modified.
Page 289 - ... Guidelines for the Protection of the Marine Environment Against Pollution from Land-Based Sources...
Page 282 - Acknowledging that change in the Earth's climate and its adverse effects are a common concern of humankind...
Page 286 - developed country Parties" means developed country Parties and regional economic integration organizations constituted by developed countries. ARTICLE 2 OBJECTIVE 1. The objective of this Convention is to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa, through effective action at all levels, supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements, in the framework of an integrated approach...
Page 289 - ... endeavour to establish global and regional rules, standards and recommended practices and procedures to prevent, reduce and control pollution of the marine environment from land-based sources, taking into account characteristic regional features, the economic capacity of developing States and their need for economic development.
Page xi - The next war in our region will be over the waters of the Nile, not politics

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About the author (1999)

Asit K. Biswas is the president of the Third World Centre for Water Management and a member of the World Commission on Water. Newton V. Cordeiro was formerly water unit chief of the Organization of American States, and now lives in Potomac, MD, USA. Benedito P.F. Braga is president of the International Water Resources Association (IWRA) and teaches at the Escola Politecnica, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Cecilia Tortajada is a staff member of the Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigacion y Estudios sobre Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo (CIIEMAD) in Mexico City.

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