Managing Safety of Heterogeneous Systems: Decisions under Uncertainties and Risks

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Yuri Ermoliev, Marek Makowski, Kurt Marti
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 1, 2012 - Business & Economics - 378 pages
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Managing safety of diverse systems requires decision-making under uncertainties and risks. Such systems are typically characterized by spatio-temporal heterogeneities, inter-dependencies, externalities, endogenous risks, discontinuities, irreversibility, practically irreducible uncertainties, and rare events with catastrophic consequences. Traditional scientific approaches rely on data from real observations and experiments; yet no sufficient observations exist for new problems, and experiments are usually impossible. Therefore, science-based support for addressing such new class of problems needs to replace the traditional “deterministic predictions” analysis by new methods and tools for designing decisions that are robust against the involved uncertainties and risks. The new methods treat uncertainties explicitly by using “synthetic” information derived by integration of “hard” elements, including available data, results of possible experiments, and formal representations of scientific facts, with “soft” elements based on diverse representations of scenarios and opinions of public, stakeholders, and experts. The volume presents such effective new methods, and illustrates their applications in different problem areas, including engineering, economy, finance, agriculture, environment, and policy making.

 

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Contents

Robust Management of Heterogeneous Systems under Uncertainties
1
Part I Decisions Under Systemic Risk and Uncertainties
17
Part II Modeling Uncertainties of Heterogeneous Systems
107
Part III Uncertainty and Optimization
202
Part IV Analysis and Optimization of Technical Systems Under Uncertainty
260
Part V Analysis and Optimization of Economic Systems Under Uncertainty
325
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About the author (2012)

Ermoliev, Y.: Professor, Institute Scholar, and Senior Researcher, Integrated Modeling Environment (IME) Project, International Institute for Applied System Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria. Research: modeling of decision-making processes under risks and uncertainties, stochastic and dynamic system optimization.

Makowski, M.: Dr., Leader, Integrated Modeling Environment (IME) Project, International Institute for Applied System Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria. Research: model-based decision-making support, structured modeling, integrated model analysis, multiple-criteria problem analysis.

Marti, K.: o.Univ.Professor for Engineering Mathematics, Federal Armed Forces University Munich, Aerospace Engineering and Technology, Neubiberg/Munich, Germany. Research: Stochastic Optimization Methods in Engineering