Managing for Healthy Ecosystems

Front Cover
David J. Rapport, Bill L. Lasley, Dennis E. Rolston, N. Ole Nielsen, Calvin O. Qualset, Ardeshir B. Damania
CRC Press, Oct 29, 2002 - Nature - 1552 pages
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One of the critical issues of our time is the dwindling capacity of the planet to provide life support for a large and growing human population. Based on a symposium on ecosystem health, Managing for Healthy Ecosystems identifies key issues that must be resolved if there is to be progress in this complex area, such as:

  • Evolving methods for regional ecosystem health assessment employing complex adaptive systems coupled with adaptive technologies to permit accurate determination of changes in regional and global environments

  • Issues and methods for assessing, monitoring, and managing diversity and its impact on human health in the context of climate change, agroecosystems, restoration of forests, politics, culture, and tradition.

    Leading thinkers in the field provide a coherent synthesis and a benchmark for the practice of this emerging field worldwide. The more than 100 peer-reviewed papers are grouped into three major parts. The first, "Emerging Concepts," explores the diverse meanings of ecosystem health within ecological, socio-economic, and human health perspectives, and the linkages to related concepts such as ecological integrity, sustainable development, and ecological footprints. The second part, "Issues and Methods," introduces methods for assessing and monitoring ecosystem health, including strategies for gaining political and stakeholder input and support for science-based ecosystem management. The final part, "Case Studies," reports experiences of interdisciplinary teams grappling with specific issues in a variety of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.
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    Contents

    CHAPTER 71 Control of Natural Resource Degradation to Restore Ecosystem Health and Help Secure Peace in the Middle East
    721
    An Overview
    731
    A Case Study of the BrusselsCapital Region
    741
    CHAPTER 74 Relating Indicators of Ecosystems Health and Ecological Integrity to Assess Risks to Sustainable Agriculture and Native Biota A Case S...
    757
    Strategic Survey and Assessing Progress across Policy Levels
    769
    CHAPTER 76 LandUse Due to Urbanization for the Middle Atlantic Integrated Assessment Region of the Eastern United States
    777
    SECTION II7 Agriculture and Human Health
    787
    Agriculture and Human Health
    789

    CHAPTER 8 Population Health Issues in the Management of Air Quality
    55
    Approaches to Assessing Risks
    69
    New Research Challenges
    77
    Preliminary Observations in Kern County
    87
    A Toolkit for FutureFriendly Cities
    95
    SECTION I3 Building Policies and Linkages
    105
    Building Policies and Linkages
    107
    Complexity and Compromise
    109
    Appropriate Use of the Concept of Ecosystem Health
    121
    CHAPTER 16 Attitudes and Their Influence on Nature Valuation and Management in Relation to Sustainable Development
    127
    CHAPTER 17 Humane Values as a Basis for Ecosystem Health
    145
    CHAPTER 18 The Role of the Water Education Foundation in Creating Factual Awareness and Facilitating Consensus in Western Water Issues
    151
    CHAPTER 19 Addressing Threats to the Health of Coastal and NearCoastal Ecosystems The Gulf of Mexico
    157
    SECTION I4 Setting Goals and Objectives in Managing for Healthy Ecosystems
    163
    Setting Goals and Objectives in Managing for Healthy Ecosystems
    165
    A Strategic Approach for Integrating Research into Restoration Projects
    167
    CHAPTER 22 Appropriate Use of Ecosystem Health and Normative Science in Ecological Policy
    175
    A Flawed Basis for Federal Regulation and LandUse Management
    187
    Exploring the Connection
    199
    CHAPTER 25 Natural Capital Differentiation Sustainability and Regional Environmental Policy
    207
    SECTION I5 Finding Indicators
    229
    Can We Develop and Utilize Indicators of Ecological Integrity to Manage Ecosystems Successfully?
    231
    Case Study of the San Francisco BayDeltaRiver System
    235
    CHAPTER 28 Establishing Specifications for Ecological Indicators for the Prediction of Sustainability
    247
    A Role for Epidemiology
    259
    CHAPTER 30 Development of a Terrestrial Index of Ecological Integrity TIEI a New Tool for Ecosystem Management
    267
    CHAPTER 31 US EPA Office of Research and Development Guidelines for Technical Evaluation of Ecological Indicators
    277
    CHAPTER 32 Toward a Forest Capital Index
    285
    SECTION I6 Monitoring Learning and Adjusting
    299
    Monitoring Learning and Adjusting
    301
    Rural Vision to Action
    303
    A Key Element of Ecosystem Health and Sustainable Food Security
    317
    Sustainability by Opportunity
    333
    CHAPTER 37 The Ecological Footprint as Indicator for Sustainable Development Results of an International Case Study
    343
    Issues and Methods
    353
    SECTION II1 Managing for Biodiversity
    355
    Managing for Biodiversity
    357
    Biodiversity Conservation as the Basis for a Healthy Ecosystem and Human Development Opportunities
    359
    Status and Prognosis
    375
    CHAPTER 41 Mangrove Conservation and Restoration for Enhanced Resilience
    389
    CHAPTER 42 A Comparison of Landscape Change Detection Methods
    403
    Case Study of Chesapeake Bay
    413
    SECTION II2 Assessing and Monitoring Biodiversity
    429
    Assessing and Monitoring Biodiversity
    431
    CHAPTER 45 Management and Conservation of Tropical Forests with Emphasis on Rare Tree Species in Brazil
    435
    A Case Study of Mountain Lions Puma concolor in California
    441
    CHAPTER 47 A Rapid Method in Ecosystem Mapping and Monitoring as a Tool for Managing Costa Rican Ecosystem Health
    449
    CHAPTER 48 Identification and Monitoring in the Context of the National Biodiversity Strategy in Uruguay
    459
    SECTION II3 Climate Change and Ecosystem Health
    463
    Climate Change and Ecosystem Health
    465
    CHAPTER 50 Climate Change Birds and Ecosystems Why Should We Care?
    471
    CHAPTER 51 A Checklist for Historical Studies of Species Responses to Climate Change
    477
    CHAPTER 52 Use of LongTerm Field Trial Datasets in Forestry to Model Ecosystem Responses to Environmental Change
    487
    CHAPTER 53 The Possible Impacts of Climate Change on Pacific Island State Ecosystems
    495
    CHAPTER 54 Modeling Asssessment of the Biological and Economic Impact of Increased UV Radiation on Loblolly Pine in the Middle Atlantic States
    513
    Eradication Revisited
    529
    Exotic Species Eradication Revisited
    531
    Is It Ecologically Financially Environmentally and Realistically Possible?
    533
    CHAPTER 57 Why Not Eradication?
    541
    CHAPTER 58 Eradication of Introduced Marine Pests
    549
    SECTION II5 Landscape Health Assessment
    557
    Landscape Health Assessment
    559
    CHAPTER 60 Multiscale Advanced Raster Map Analysis System for Measuring Ecosystem Health at Landscape ScaleA Novel Synergistic Consortiu...
    567
    CHAPTER 61 Application of Landscape Models to Alternative Futures Analyses
    577
    CHAPTER 62 Echelon Screening of Remotely Sensed Change Indicators
    589
    The Role of Landscape Features
    595
    CHAPTER 64 An Ecosystem Approach to Human Health
    603
    CHAPTER 65 Predictability of Bird CommunityBased Ecological Integrity Using Landscape Measurements
    617
    The Map of Italian Nature
    639
    CHAPTER 67 Interior Columbia Basin Forests and Rangelands 1930s to Present
    661
    SECTION II6 Communities Politics Culture and Tradition
    693
    Communities Politics Culture and Tradition
    695
    CHAPTER 69 Gambling for SustainabilityLocal Institutions for Pasture Management in Bhutan
    697
    CHAPTER 70 Environmental and Socioeconomic Indicators of Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem Health
    703
    CHAPTER 78 Effects of Agriculture on Ecosystem and Human Health
    793
    CHAPTER 79 Infectious Disease Hazards to Agricultural Workers
    799
    CHAPTER 80 Size Distribution of PM Sol Dust Emissions from Harvesting Crops
    801
    The Rotenone Application at Lake Davis
    807
    SECTION II8 Mining Impacts
    815
    Mining Impacts
    817
    CHAPTER 83 The Ecosystem Approach to Human Health in the Context of Mining in the Developing World
    819
    CHAPTER 84 Issues of Scale in the Selection and Interpretation of Mineral Indicators
    835
    Illustrations with the Case of HIVAIDS in Southern Africa
    843
    Contributions to an Intercultural and Ecosystem Understanding of Health and WellBeing
    863
    CHAPTER 87 Integrating Human Health into an Ecosystem Approach to Mining
    881
    Report from an Indian Study
    891
    The Case of Mineral Resources
    905
    SECTION II9 Forest Health Monitoring and Restoration
    917
    Forest Health Monitoring and Restoration
    919
    A Conceptual Framework for Managing Secondary Forest Ecosystems in Switzerland
    921
    A Case Study from the Jarrah Forest of Southwestern Australian
    935
    A Science Perspective on the Canadian Initiative
    949
    A West Coast Perspective
    963
    SECTION II10 Agroecosystems
    977
    Integrating Agricultural Production with Ecosystem Health
    979
    CHAPTER 96 Fallow Land Patches and Ecosystem Health in Californias Central Valley Agroecosystem
    981
    CHAPTER 97 ReducedDisturbance Agroecosystems in California
    993
    A Key Pathway to Acheiving Agroecosystem Health
    999
    CHAPTER 99 Irrigation Agricultural Drainage and Nutrient Loading in the Upper Klamath Basin
    1011
    SECTION II11 Grazing Animals and Rangelands
    1027
    Grazing Animals and Rangelands
    1029
    A Preliminary Review of Ancient and Contemporary Claims and Processes
    1031
    CHAPTER 102 A Rachers Eye View of Grazing Native Grasslands in California
    1037
    Science Policy and the Rancher
    1041
    To Graze or Not to Graze Is Not the Question
    1047
    Wither They Go
    1055
    CHAPTER 106 Protecting the Biodiversity of Grasslands by Livestock in California
    1065
    Case Studies
    1071
    Section III1 The Colorado River Delta Ecosystem USMexico
    1073
    The Colorado River Delta Ecosystem Ecological Issues at the USMexico Border
    1075
    CHAPTER 108 Physical and Biological Linkages between the Upper and Lower Colorado Delta
    1077
    CHAPTER 109 Migratory Bird Conservation and Ecological Health in the Colorado River Delta Region
    1091
    CHAPTER 110 Wildlife Disease in the Colorado Delta as an Indicator of Ecosystem Health
    1111
    A Regional Assessment of the Colorado River Delta Ecosystem
    1125
    CHAPTER 112 Conservation Value and Water Management Issues of the Wetland and Riparian Habitats in the Colorado River Delta in Mexico
    1135
    SECTION III2 Canadian Prairie Ecosystem
    1147
    Sustainability of the Semiarid Prairie Ecosystem Canadian Prairie Ecosystem Study PECOS
    1149
    CHAPTER 114 Historical Land Use and Ecosystem Health of the Canadian Semiarid Prairie Ecosystem
    1153
    Perceptions of a Rural Senior Saskatchewan Population
    1161
    From Community to Chemical Elements the Essential Role of Questionnaires
    1169
    CHAPTER 117 EcosystemLevel Functional Changes in Breeding Bird Guilds in the Mixed Grassland since Agricultural Settlement
    1183
    CHAPTER 118 Evaluating Agroecosystem Sustainability Using an Integrated Model
    1209
    CHAPTER 119 Prediction of Soil Salinity RIsk by Digital Terrain Modeling in the Canadian Prairies
    1227
    Lake Tahoe and Clear Lake California
    1235
    Aquatic Ecosystems Lake Tahoe and Clear Lake California
    1237
    A Holistic Ecosystem Approach
    1239
    CHAPTER 122 TransGill and Dietary Uptake of Methyl Mercury by the Sacramento Blackfish a Planktivorous Freshwater Fish
    1273
    CHAPTER 123 An Integrated Watershed Approach to Studying Ecosystem Health at Lake Tahoe CANV
    1283
    New Your Maryland and Florida
    1299
    Aquatic Ecosystems New York Maryland and Florida
    1301
    IMPLAN and REMI on the Economics of Everglades Restoration
    1303
    CHAPTER 126 Analysis of Land Cover and Water Quality in the New York CatskillDelware Basins
    1327
    CHAPTER 127 Using a Knowledge Base to Assess the Effects of Stream Stressors
    1341
    SECTION III5 The Langat Basin of Malaysia
    1357
    The Langat Basin of Malaysia
    1359
    A Case Study of the Langat Basin
    1361
    The Case of the Langat Basin
    1371
    CHAPTER 131 Diagnosing Ecosystem Health of the Lnagat Basin in the Cortext of Geohazards
    1385
    Langat River Basin Selangor Malaysia
    1395
    Indicators for Assessing Langat Basin Ecosystem Health
    1421
    MTBE
    1431
    Environmental Impacts of a Motor Fuel Additive Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether MTBE
    1433
    Occurrence Potential Sources and LongRange Transprot
    1435
    CHAPTER 136 The European Perspective of MTBE as an Oxygenate in Fuels
    1447
    CHAPTER 137 CostBenefit Considerations for the Introdution of Gasoline Additives Such as MTBE
    1459
    Index
    1469
    Back cover
    1511
    Copyright

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