Managing the Environmental Union: Intergovernmental Relations and Environmental Policy in Canada
Patrick Fafard, Kathryn Harrison
School of Policy Studies, Queen's University, 2000 - Nature - 227 pages
Ottawa and the provinces share responsibility for environmental protection. As a result, environmental policy is an area that offers some insight into how the two orders of government interact. 'Managing the Environmental Union brings together a diverse set of authors from law, political science, and policy studies to consider how we think about intergovernmental relations and environmental policy, and what drives the two orders of government toward various patterns of cooperation, competition, conflict, and mutual avoidance. The authors offer insights into the consequences of these patterns for both environmental protection as well as for the broader sweep of intergovernmental relations. They compare Canada to the United States and to other federations, notably Germany and Australia. Managing the Environmental Union offers a detailed account of how, and to a certain extent why, governments interact in the ways that they do, demonstrating the merits of moving beyond a simple dichotomy of conflict or cooperation when describing intergovernmental relations.
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Act pollution provisions activities administrative Alberta ANZECC approach areas Australia authority British Columbia Bundesrat Canada-Wide Accord Canadian Environmental CCME CEPA chapter Clean Air Act Clean Water Act competition compliance concerning conflict constitutional consultation Council Court decision effect electronic data systems EMFA enforcement actions ENGOs Environment Canada Environmental Assessment environmental field environmental policy environmental protection environmental standards eral established example federal and provincial federal system federal-provincial Fisheries Act pollution formal Harrison Hoberg Hydro-Quebec Ibid impact implementation industry institutions interest organizations intergovern intergovernmental agreements intergovernmental cooperation intergovernmental relations Interjurisdictional jurisdiction Kathryn Harrison Lander levels of government MELP ment national standards Oldman River orders of government overlap patterns of intergovernmental pollution control powers process coordination process substitution programs prosecutions provincial governments provincial officials pulp and paper Quebec regimes region regulations regulatory requirements responsibilities result role ronmental Saskatchewan standards sub-agreement statutes statutory tion unilateralism water pollution