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Acanthus ilicifolius Acrostichum aureum Aegiceras corniculatum alluvium aquaculture Avicennia alba Avicennia marina biomass Bruguiera Ca Mau peninsula charcoal coast coastal areas conversion of mangrove crabs distribution of mangroves dry season estuaries euryhaline Excoecaria agallocha exploitation firewood fish forestry fresh water Gio district grow growth Hai Phong Hanoi herbicides high tide Hong islands IUCN Kandelia candel land flooded mangrove areas mangrove ecosystem mangrove forests mangrove species mangrove vegetation Mau cape Mau peninsula Mekong delta Minh city Minh Hai Minh Hai province monsoons mudflats Ngoc Hien district Nguyen Nipa Nypa fruticans officinalis Phong plantations planted population production propagules protection Quang Ninh province rainfall rainy season region Rhizophora Rhizophora apiculata Rhizophora stylosa rier river banks salinity salt seedlings shrimp farming shrimp ponds soil Sonneratia Sonneratia caseolaris southern Vietnam spring tide subzone swamps temperature Thai Binh Thanh Thuy Tien trees Vietnam Vietnamese Xylocarpus zone
Page 137 - NRC 1974 The effects of herbicides in South Vietnam. Part A. Summary and conclusions prepared for Department of Defense.
Page ii - IUCN members and partners, in particular those other international institutions with a specific wetlands mandate, especially the Ramsar Convention Bureau, and the International Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Bureau (IWRB). The core of the Programme is a series of field projects which develop the methodologies for wetland management, in particular in the countries of the developing world where wetlands are used intensively by local communities which depend upon these for their well-being.
Page 138 - Chlorinated Dioxin and Dibenzofuran Levels in Food and Wildlife Samples in the North and South of Vietnam...
Page 138 - Dioxin levels in adipose tissues of hospitalized women living in the south of Vietnam in 1984-85 with a brief review of their clinical histories.
Page 98 - Orange exposure and increases in certain cancers caused by phenoxyherbicide exposure (Schecter, 1991). Since fairly high levels of TCDD persist among the southern Vietnamese, there appears to be reason for concern that cancers and genetic malformations may continue to increase in the future. As Schecter et al., (1989) note, "Vietnamese and Vietnam veteran populations may ultimately show an excess of cancers; the end of the usual latency period after exposure to chemical carcinogens is approaching".
Page 97 - Effects on human populations Studies by Vietnamese and foreign scientists have provided information about the effects of dioxin contained in agent orange on the human population in mangrove areas. Such effects include mutagenic effects, obstetrical accidents and birth defects (Cau, 1983). Increased levels of dioxin from agent orange have been found in many people in southern Vietnam, in wildlife such as snakes and turtles and in sediment from the bottom of rivers.
Page 98 - Researchers believe that increases in some cancers and in adverse reproductive outcomes, such as congenital malformations, may be related to Agent orange and dioxin. Schecter (1991) noted that "Vietnam is the only nation currently known to have large populations with both higher and lower levels of dioxins in [human body] tissues
Page xii - A number of people have contributed to the making of this book.
Page ii - IUCN draws together over 5000 expert volunteers in project teams and action groups. A central secretariat coordinates the IUCN Programme and leads initiatives on the conservation and sustainable use of the world's biological diversity and the management of habitats and natural resources, as well as providing a range of services. The Union has helped many countries to prepare National Conservation Strategies, and demonstrates the application of its knowledge through the field projects its supervises.