Manual of English Rhetoric

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Wilson, Hinkle & Company, 1875 - English language - 268 pages
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Contents

Meditation What included in?
37
Selection Result of the process
39
Systematic Meditation Topics Their utility
40
Reading as an aid to invention Method of Reading
41
Chapter III
43
Preparation of the Plan Organic Pirts of a Discourse What contained in the Plan Necessity of preparing one
44
The laws of Disposition general and special
46
Contents of the Introduction Its structure When to be prepared
48
The Body of the Discourse
49
Two methods of communicating thought The Analytic The Synthetic
50
Comparative advantages of the two
53
General Rules for the Disposition of the Body of a Discourse
54
The Conclusion An essential part Qualities of
55
Transitions Essential qualities of How found
56
Chapter IV
58
Means of Amplification Enumeration Examples Causes and Effects Comparison Combination of several means Accessory ideas
63
of among English Prose Writers
66
The English language as to power of expression
72
Present use Obsolete words Neologisms
79
Propriety Accuracy Congruity
86
Conclusion
92
Exposition of a Notion in its relations 181
106
Metaphor Three kinds of Its force Rules for its use 9 8
107
Epithets
114
Figures of Emphasis
116
Hyperbole Irony
118
Climax
119
Antithesis
120
Chapter IV
121
Characteristics of the English Sentence
122
The Structure of Sentences
124
Correctness
125
Unity
126
Clearness
130
Precision 1 Tautology 2 Pleonasm 3 Verbosity
136
Asyndeton and Polysyndeton 3 Periods and Loose Sentences
142
Melody
145
Chapter V
146
The Structure of Paragraphs
147
Exhortation On what does the power of moving the Pas
149
Announcing the Theme
153
Chapter VI
156
Differences of Style
157
The Simple or Lower Style
158
The Grand or Higher Style
159
Sect Page 85 The Middle Style
160
Application of the Principles of General Rhetoric
161
THE ELEMENTARY FORMS OF DISCOURSE 88 Preliminary What are the Elementary Forms of Discourse?
162
its objects
163
Difficulty of the art of Description
164
Disposition of details
166
Auxiliaries Rules of Expression
167
Mental states Characters General Characters
169
A scheme of Exposition of a Notion
183
Exposition of a Proposition
184
Chapter IV
185
Confirmation
186
Preparation of the Question Its importance Mode of pre paring the question
188
Invention of Arguments
190
Deductive Reasoning Inductive Reasoning 1 Induction in the limited sense of the word 2 Analogy Example 3 Signs
192
Extrinsic Arguments 1 Testimony 2 Authority
195
Selection of Arguments
197
Arrangement of Arguments Analytic and Synthetic order Principal and Subordinate Arguments Extrinsic and In trinsic Arguments
198
The Syllogistic and the popular mode of reasoning
199
Refutation
200
Rules of Refutation
202
Scheme and Topics of an Argument
203
PART IV
206
Chapter I
207
Sect Page 125 Requisites of a Dialogue
208
Epistolary Prose
209
Chapter II
210
Scientific Prose
211
Use of general terms Technical terms Sources of tech nical terms Under what conditions to be used
212
Use of Figurative language
214
Popular Scientific Prose
215
Criticism
216
Chapter III
217
Genuine Historical method
218
Essential qualities 1 Truth 2 Local color 3 Signifi cance of facts exhibited 4 Completeness
219
Historical Arrangement Chronological Method Topical Method Pragmatic Method Natural Method
222
Distribution into Periods
225
Introduction and Conclusion
226
Essential qualities of Historical Style
227
Division of History Universal History Special History Biography Special Histories of Institutions Industries Arts etc
230
Chapter IV
231
Theme of an Oratorical Discourse
232
sions depend?
236
Rules for Exhortation Allaying hostile feelings
238
Oratorical Disposition Parts of an Oratorical Discourse
241
Qualities of an Exordium
242
Special rules for arranging the Arguments and Motives
245
Peroration Qualities of
251
Characteristics of Oratorical Style 1 Direct Address 2
253
Different kinds of Oratory
260
Judicial or Forensic Oratory Compared with Political
264
Means of accomplishing its end
267
Its style
269
Instruction an essential requisite
272
Religious exhortation
273
Familiarity
274
Religious Diction
275
Two kinds of religious oratorical Discourse The Sermon The Homily
276
Recapitulation
278
Conclusion
279
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Page 110 - Methinks I see her as an eagle mewing her mighty youth, and kindling her undazzled eyes at the full midday beam, purging and unsealing her long-abused sight at the fountain itself of heavenly radiance; while the whole noise of timorous and flocking birds, with those also that love the twilight, flutter about, amazed at what she means, and in their envious gabble would prognosticate a year of sects and schisms.
Page 108 - O eloquent, just, and mighty Death ! whom none could advise, thou hast persuaded ; what none hath dared, thou hast done ; and whom all the world hath flattered, thou only hast cast out of the world and despised ; thou hast drawn together all the far-stretched greatness, all the pride, cruelty, and ambition of man, and covered it all over with these two narrow words, Hie jaeet ! Lastly, whereas this book, by the title it hath, calls itself The First Part of tlie General History of the World...
Page 110 - But, alas ! you are not all here ! Time and the sword have thinned your ranks. Prescott, Putnam, Stark, Brooks, Read, Pomeroy, Bridge! our eyes seek for you in vain amid this broken band. You are gathered to your fathers, and live only to your country in her grateful remembrance and your own bright example.
Page 152 - Homer was the greater genius, Virgil the better artist. In one we most admire the man, in the other the work. Homer hurries and transports us with a commanding impetuosity, Virgil leads us with an attractive majesty. Homer scatters with a generous profusion, Virgil bestows with a careful magnificence.
Page 62 - The style of Dryden is capricious and varied ; that of Pope is cautious and uniform. Dryden obeys the motions of his own mind ; Pope constrains his mind to his own rules of composition. Dryden is sometimes vehement and rapid ; Pope is always smooth, uniform, and gentle.
Page 109 - The circumstances, now clearly in evidence, spread out the whole scene before us. Deep sleep had fallen on the destined victim, and on all beneath his roof. A healthful old man, to whom sleep was sweet — the first sound slumbers of the night held him in their soft but strong embrace.
Page 113 - Thus the ideas, as well as children, of our youth often die before us; and our minds represent to us those tombs to which we are approaching; where though the brass and marble remain, yet the inscriptions are effaced by time, and the imagery moulders away.
Page 70 - On seeking for some clue to the law underlying these current maxims, we may see shadowed forth in many of them, the importance of economizing the reader's or hearer's attention. To so present ideas that they may be apprehended with the least possible mental effort, is the desideratum towards which most of the rules above quoted point.
Page 59 - If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me, Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thee.
Page 117 - Is not a patron, my lord, one who looks with unconcern on a man struggling for life in the water, and, when he has reached ground, encumbers him with help?

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