Manual of Mental and Physical Tests: A Book of Directions Compiled with Special Reference to the Experimental Study of School Children in the Laboratory Or Classroom, Part 2

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Warwick & York, 1910 - Education - 534 pages
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"Hitherto the literature of mental and physical tests has been scattered in numerous journals; the results obtained by different investigators have too often not been compared; indeed, in many cases where the methods have been divergent, comparison has been impossible. In consequence, there have been no recognized standards of procedure and none of performance. Nevertheless, I believe that the time has now come for the taking of an account of stock, and for the systematization of the available materials. This conviction, which is the outgrowth of my own interest in the experimental study of mental capacities, an interest that has been with me during the past ten years, has been confirmed by many suggestions from colleagues and friends, who have pointed out that a manual of directions for mental tests would meet a real need, and might further the cause of investigation. I began, in March, 1906, to prepare a small handbook of mental tests. The impossibility of adequate treatment of the subject in small compass has, however, necessitated the expansion of that early undertaking into the present work. In the introductory sections of the volume, I have sought to show the general purposes of mental tests, to lay down rules for their conduct, and to explain the methods of treating data. In this connection I discuss the calculation of measures of general tendency, measures of variability, indexes of correlation, and other statistical constants. In the body of the volume, I have brought together, for specific treatment, some fifty of the most promising tests. In every case, my plan has been to sketch the development of the test, to prescribe a standard form of apparatus and method of procedure, to explain the treatment of the data secured, and to set forth the results and conclusions thus far obtained. The tests that I have selected may not prove, ultimately, to be those of most value, but they are, I think, numerous enough, and varied enough in type, to furnish a working basis for investigations for some time to come"--Pref. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).
 

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Contents

Relation of Deafness and White Color in Cats Yule
39
Corresponding Values of r and U for Formula 40 Whipple
40
THE TESTS
47
Test 2Weight
56
Norms of Weight Burk
58
Diameters of the Skull and the Cephalic Index West
63
ro Breadth of Head by School Grade Porter
64
Skull Dimensions and Proportions of Entering Classes at Munieh Engelsperger and Ziegler
65
Girth of the Skull
66
Circumference of the Head MacDonald
67
Norms of Vital Capacity Smedley
71
Strength of Grip
74
Norms of Strength of Grip Smedley
76
Strength of Legs
82
Types of Endurance in Dynamometer Trials Binet and Vaschide
92
Tapping
100
Sample Record of a Tapping Test Wells
107
Dependence of Rate of Tapping upon Age Smedley
109
Aiming
115
Involuntary Movement
123
Test Numbers for Auditory Acuity Andrews
170
Pitch Discrimination of 167 Children Seashore
184
Dependence of Discrimination of Lifted Weights on Age Gilbert
192
Pain Limen for 50 Boys and 50 Girls of each Age Gilbert
204
Topography of Esthesiometric Sensitivity Weber
212
Tests of Attention and Perception
221
Average Number of Letters Read Correctly in One Exposure Whipple
232
Effect of Practise on the Perception of Letters Whipple
236
Individual Differences in Visual Apprehension Whipple
251
Effect of Letters and of Fatigue on Cancellation Whipple
262
Averages and Variations in Cancellation Tests Whipple
263
Effects of Fatigue on Cancellation Ritter
265
Relation of Average Number of Letters Cancelled to Intelli gence Winteler
266
Effect of Different Methods of Reaction in the ?rstTest Whipple
268
Specifications for TestCards Used in DotCounting
271
Results of Reading Tests Whipple
275
Distribution of Terms in Uncontrolled Association Jastrow Nevers Calkins
317
Influences which affect Uncontrolled Series of Words or Draw ings Flournoy
318
PartWholes GenusSpecies
319
Normal Performance in the PartWholes Test Norsworthy
321
Normal Performance in the GenusSpecies Test Norsworthy
322
Normal Performance in the Opposites Test Norsworthy
326
Computation
327
Correlation of Opposite Tests with other Tests Aikins Thorn dike and Hubbell
328
Five 10Minute Periods Schulze
336
Efficiency in Computation within a School Session Laser
337
Additions made per Pupil with and without a RestPause BurgersteinSchulze
338
Effect of Pauses upon Computation Friedrich
339
Effect of Fatigue on Arithmetical Work in Evening Schools Winch
340
HabitFormation in MirrorDrawing
343
Effect of Practise on Speed in MirrorDrawing Whipple
346
Substitution
350
Substitution Test Number of Symbols Written Form B Group Method Whipple
353
Substitution Test Bright and Dull Boys Individual Method Whipple
354
RoteMemory
356
LogicalMemory
394
Tests of Suggestibility
404
Test 41Suggestion by Progressive Weights
410
Suggestion of LineLengths by Personal Influence
419
InkBlots
430
Test 47WordBuilding
441
Interpretation of Fables
454
Average Vocabulary in Relation to Scholastic Status Kirk
461
Range of Information
465
1905 Series
473
Results for 25 Children in the BinetSimon Tests Decroly
491
1908 Series
493
Critique of the 1908 BinetSimon Tests Decroly and Degand
515
List of Materials
519
Index of Subjects
527
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Page 398 - In one corner stood a huge bag of wool ready to be spun; in another a quantity of linsey-woolsey just from the loom; ears of Indian corn and strings of dried apples and peaches hung in gay festoons along the walls, mingled with the gaud of red peppers...
Page 398 - When he entered the house the conquest of his heart was complete. It was one of those spacious farm-houses with high-ridged but lowly-sloping roofs, built in the style handed down from the first Dutch settlers, the low projecting eaves forming a piazza. along the front, capable of being closed up in bad weather. Under this were hung flails, harness, various utensils of husbandry, and nets for fishing in the neighboring river. Benches were built along the sides for summer use, and a great spinning-wheel...
Page 245 - A few steps further on we drew paper and pencil from our pockets, and tried which could describe the greater number of objects seen in passing. I must own that my son reached a perfection far greater than mine, for he could often write down forty objects, while I could scarce reach thirty. Often feeling vexed at this defeat, I would return to the shop and verify his statement, but he rarely made a mistake.
Page 221 - Yet, in so far as the capacity to attend does differ in different individuals and in the same individual at different times...
Page 304 - The chief single result of the " Aussage " psychology is that an errorless report is not the rule, but the exception, even when the report is made by a competent S under favorable conditions. Thus in 240 reports, Miss Borst found only 2 per cent errorless narratives and 0.5 per cent errorless depositions. The average S, when no suggestive questions are employed, exhibits a coefficient of accuracy of approximately 75 per cent. (2) Range and accuracy.
Page 441 - ... capable of endurance (tenacious?). scrunch — a good for nothing person, (scrug?). virago — a kind of bird (!) (vireo), a disease, giddiness (vertigo). virescent — sparkling (iridescent), of or pertaining to a man (!) (virile). B. A WORD-BUILDING TEST. The word-building tests were suggested to me by the familiar game of anagrams as well as by the advertisements often seen in magazines in which a prize is offered to the person who can make the most words from a given word or series of letters....
Page 3 - To make such assertions is surely misleading, for . . . there is at the present time scarcely a single mental test that can be applied unequivocally as a psychical measuring rod. The fact is we have not agreed upon methods of procedure; we too often do not know what we are measuring; and we too seldom realize the astounding complexity, variety, and delicacy of form of our psychical nature.
Page 308 - ... (11) Dependence on form of report. All authorities agree that the use of the interrogatory, whether of the complete or incomplete form, increases the range and decreases the accuracy of the report. Thus, in comparison with the narrative, the range of the interrogatory may be 50 per cent greater, while the inaccuracy (of the incomplete interrogatory) may be as much as 550 per cent greater.
Page 431 - as soon as you have thought of something that the blot resembles. Of course, the blot is not really intended to be a picture of anything, but I want to see whether your imagination will suggest some picture in it, just as you sometimes try to see what object you can make out of a cloud.
Page 306 - Reports of children are in every way inferior to those of adults: the range is small, the inaccuracy large, and, since the assurance is high, the warranted assurance and reliability of assurance are both very low. During the ages 7 to 18 years, the range, especially the range of knowledge, increases as much as 50%, but the accuracy, save in the deposition, does not increase as rapidly (20%).

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