Map of Alaska Showing Known Gold-bearing Rocks: With Descriptive Text Containing Sketches of the Geography, Geology, and Gold Deposits and Routes to the Gold Fields

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Engraving and printing division of the U.S. Geological survey, 1898 - Alaska - 44 pages
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Page 10 - Except in midstream or where a brisk air is blowing, life without a net and leather gloves is misery. The Indians smear their faces with a mixture of grease and charcoal, and paddle with a smudge on a square of turf, in the bows of their birch canoes. The...
Page 5 - The privilege of the company expired in 1863, and in 1867 the whole Russian possessions in America were ceded to the United States for a money payment of $7,200,000. The treaty was signed...
Page 11 - The Indian name. territory, and the Indian canoe route between these waters is via this portage. AVAILABLE ROUTES OF TRAVEL. There are only two established freight and passenger routes to points in the Yukon country. The first is by ocean steamer from Seattle or San Francisco to St. Michael, thence by river steamboat up the Yukon, available only about three months in the year. The second is by ocean steamer from Seattle or San Francisco to Skagway, thence about 100 miles by the White Pass Railroad...
Page 21 - ... known, it is only in the coastal region that deep mining is being carried on in gold-bearing veins. Here it has become a well-established industry, and many large quartz mills are running on the ore extracted from these veins. The principal deposits are found in a belt somewhat over 100 miles in length on the seaward slope of the mainland, reaching from Sumdum on the southeast past Juneau to Berners Bay near Seward on the northwest. This belt may be also considered to include the deposits on...
Page 10 - ramparts.' For the most part, however, its valley is wide, and the stream often spreads out into many channels, with low, wooded hills between, the whole covering a width said to reach ten miles in places. Although it is frozen up during eight months of the year, from October until June, its importance as a means of transporting supplies can hardly be overestimated.
Page 5 - ... of that part of America embracing Alaska was discovered and explored by a Russian expedition under Behring in 1741; and at subsequent periods settlements were made by the Russians at various places, chiefly for the prosecution of the fur trade. In 1799 the territory was granted to a Russo-American fur company by the Emperor Paul VIII., and in 1839 the charter of the company was renewed. New Archangel, in the island of Sitka, was the principal settlement, but the company had about forty stations....
Page 13 - ... part of Alaska, traversed by thousands of gold-seekers in the Klondike gold fields' excitement in 1897-8. By way of the Chilkoot Pass is the most direct route to Dawson City, the principal starting point to the Klondike region. The trail starts from Dyea, along the river of that name, and crosses the Pass at an elevation of 3,500 feet, to the head of Lake Lindeman, a total distance of 28^/2 miles.
Page 9 - ... boundary of Alaska, a distance of approximately 1500 miles. Owing to bars at the mouth of the river, making the entrance shallow, vessels of small draft only have as yet been used upon the stream. The following description of the Yukon is taken from a recent publication by the US Geological Survey : — " The Yukon is generally a broad and muddy stream, flowing with a current of three to nine miles per hour. Occasionally it runs in a narrow, rocky canon, cut through lava, or across low mountain...
Page 16 - Arkell the trail is said to pass over an undulating plain, well timbered in the valleys and with grass on the slopes.

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