Map Reading and Intelligence Training
E.C. McKay, 1917 - Defensive (Military science) - 176 pages
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actual angle attack battalion bearing bridge bullet carried compass construction contours cover cross detail direction distance dug-outs enemy enemy's feet field fire fixed rifle forward front German give given going ground hand headquarters hill important inches indicate infantry intelligence intelligence section keep letters located look machine gun magnetic marked means measured metal method miles military minutes move nature necessary night object observation officer parties pass patrol photographs plate position possible posts printed proper range reading reports represent rifle river road rule scale scouts sent shown side sights signals signs sketch snipers square stand station taken tion traverse trenches troops true north turn unit usually variation weather wind wire yards
Page 164 - ... (It is interesting to note that, from the point of view of the native "colonial subject...
Page 105 - SIGNALS. [To be used for all general public service radio communication. (1) A dash is equal to three dots; (2) the space between parts of the same letter is equal to one dot; (3) the space between two letters is equal to three dots; (4) the space between two words is equal to five dots.) A . _ I ' _ * • • C . D E F G II • • • I . J K L . M N _.
Page 164 - The intervals between the isobars usually correspond to differences in pressure of one-tenth of an inch. A cyclone with crowded isobars always has strong winds ; when the isobars are widely spaced the winds are gentle. Cyclones are usually preceded by rising temperature, and accompanied by cloudiness, and rain or snow. Anti-cyclones are usually preceded by falling temperature, and attended by fair weather. Forty-eight hours is about the present limit of the possibilities of forecasting the weather...
Page 24 - When we say that the scale on the map is 1 cm. to 1 km., we mean that a distance of one centimetre on the map is equal to the distance of one kilometre in the actual area of the country. Thus, a scale denotes the proportion or ratio that the distance between any two points on a map bears to the distance between the same two points on the actual ground. A scale of 1...
Page 166 - ... storms from southward. High wind, rain or snow ; wind from N. if thermometer is low, from S. if it is high. With rising thermometer and increasing dampness, wind from SE, S. or SW If thermometer is low, snow. Fall After northerly winds, bad tendency, wind probably shifting to S. With high or increasing temperature, winds from S. or SW, possible rain. The barometer generally falls with a S. and rises with a N. wind ; if the opposite happens the S. wind will be dry and the weather fine, or the...
Page 36 - contour" is the representation on a map of an imaginary line on the ground joining all immediately adjacent points which are at the same height above mean sea-level.
Page 148 - ... employ the design of the Union Jack, but this was subsequently replaced by a red circle, or more recently by a red centre, surrounded first by a white ring (or the natural colour of the fabric), and then by a blue ring — which is the standard for the Army.
Page 148 - This may be estimated by the use of the Beaufort scale, which follows : (3) Warning available. — The following simple calculation determines the number of seconds which it will take for a gas cloud to move over a given distance. Double the distance (in yards) and divide by speed of wind (in miles per hour). Example: The time it would take a gas cloud to cover a distance of 100 yards in a 10-mile wind would be determined as follows : 100 multiplied by 2 divided by 10 equals 20 seconds.
Page 35 - A gap through a mountain occupied by an existing stream. Watershed : The ridge of high land or summit separating two drainage basins ; the summit of land from which water divides or flows in two or more directions. The area drained by a stream. Well : Any excavation in soil or rock which taps underground water. Wind Cap : An elevated gap not occupied by a watercourse.
Page 149 - The positions for these markings are near the wing tips on the upper surface of the upper plane, and in similar positions on the underside of the lower plane. One mark is also placed on each side of the body, midway between the aviator•s seat and the tail of the machine.