Mapping It Out: Expository Cartography for the Humanities and Social Sciences

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University of Chicago Press, Jun 1, 1993 - Reference - 301 pages
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Writers know only too well how long it can take—and how awkward it can be—to describe spatial relationships with words alone. And while a map might not always be worth a thousand words, a good one can help writers communicate an argument or explanation clearly, succinctly, and effectively.

In his acclaimed How to Lie with Maps, Mark Monmonier showed how maps can distort facts. In Mapping it Out: Expository Cartography for the Humanities and Social Sciences, he shows authors and scholars how they can use expository cartography—the visual, two-dimensional organization of information—to heighten the impact of their books and articles.

This concise, practical book is an introduction to the fundamental principles of graphic logic and design, from the basics of scale to the complex mapping of movement or change. Monmonier helps writers and researchers decide when maps are most useful and what formats work best in a wide range of subject areas, from literary criticism to sociology. He demonstrates, for example, various techniques for representing changes and patterns; different typefaces and how they can either clarify or confuse information; and the effectiveness of less traditional map forms, such as visibility base maps, frame-rectangle symbols, and complementary scatterplot designs for conveying complex spatial relationships.

There is also a wealth of practical information on map compilation, cartobibliographies, copyright and permissions, facsimile reproduction, and the evaluation of source materials. Appendixes discuss the benefits and limitations of electronic graphics and pen-and-ink drafting, and how to work with a cartographic illustrator.

Clearly written, and filled with real-world examples, Mapping it Out demystifies mapmaking for anyone writing in the humanities and social sciences.

"A useful guide to a subject most people probably take too much for granted. It shows how map makers translate abstract data into eye-catching cartograms, as they are called. It combats cartographic illiteracy. It fights cartophobia. It may even teach you to find your way."—Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, The New York Times
 

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Contents

Preface
xi
Maps in the Humanities and Social Sciences
3
Words and Maps
6
Maps Location and Spatial Pattern
14
Scale Perspective and Generalization
21
Scale Models and the Representation of Scale
24
Global Perspective and the Distortion of Size and Shape
33
Regional Perspectives and the Conservation of Distance
44
Mapping Movement Change and Process
189
Mapping Flows
191
SpatialTemporal Series and Maps of Change
195
Distance Cartograms and Relative Space
200
Mapping War and Settlement
202
The Map as a Narrative
205
Relational Maps and Integrative Cartography
209
Patterns Trends and Spatial Models
211

Visual Variables and Cartographic Symbols
57
The Visual Variables of Jacques Bertin
60
Form and Function in Cartographic Representation
78
Map Goals Map Titles and Creative Labeling
93
Communication Goals Map Content and Graphic Hierarchies
95
Typography as Cartographic Symbol
107
Cartographic Sources and Map Compilation
121
Searching for Cartographic Information
124
Copyright and Permissions
141
The Mechanics of Complation
149
Statistical Maps Data Scaling and Data Classification
159
Mapping Count Data
161
Mapping Intensity Data
169
Modifications for Greater Effectiveness
179
The Ethics of OneMap Solutions
187
Superposition and Additive Overlays
222
Representing Geographic Correlation
229
Integrating Maps Graphs Words and Pictures
244
Drawing Media Electronic Graphics or Penandink Drafting
249
Tools for Compilation
250
Tools for Symbolization
253
Tools for Labeling
255
Working with a Cartographic Illustrator
259
What the Illustrator Will Need to Know
262
Selected Readings
265
Notes
269
Sources of Illustrations
291
Index
295
Copyright

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About the author (1993)

Mark Monmonier is distinguished professor of geography at Syracuse University’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.

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