Marching Together: Women of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters was the first national trade union for African Americans. Standard BSCP histories focus on the men who built the union: few acknowledge the important role of the Ladies' Auxiliary in shaping public debates over black manhood and unionization, setting political agendas for the black community, and crafting effective strategies to win racial and economic justice. In this first book-length history of the women of the BSCP, Melinda Chateauvert brings to life an entire group of women ignored in previous histories of the Brotherhood and of working-class women, situating them in the debates among women's historians over the ways that race and class shape women's roles and gender relations. Chateauvert's work shows how the auxiliary, made up of the wives, daughters, and sisters of Pullman porters, used the Brotherhood to claim respectability and citizenship. Pullman maids, relegated to the auxiliary, found their problems as working women neglected in favor of the rhetoric of racial solidarity. The auxiliary actively educated other women and children about the labor movement, staged consumer protests, and organized local and national civil rights campaigns ranging from the 1941 March on Washington to school integration to the Montgomery bus boycott.
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African American women Albrier Auxiliary members Auxiliary's Bennie Smith Biennial Convention Black Worker Brazeal Brotherhood of Sleeping BSCP BSCP's C. L. Dellums car cleaners Charles Upton Chicago CHS/BSCP Box CHS/BSCP Box 27 City civil rights Colored Committee consumer Cooperative discrimination E. D. Nixon employees federal female FEPC Gender Halena Wilson History housewives husbands International Ladies July Keeping the Faith labor movement Ladies Auxiliary LC/APR Box LC/BSCP Box 73 leaders Letitia Murray living Louis male March on Washington membership Messenger Miles of Smiles National officers organization passengers Philip Randolph political porterettes porters and maids President Pullman Company Pullman maids Pullman porters race racial railroad Railway RCTP Report role Rosina Tucker segregation Sept Sleeping Car Porters social tion trade union UCB/CLD Box University Press wages Webster wives woman Women's Economic Council York
Page 4 - We will not be satisfied to take one jot or tittle less than our full manhood rights. We claim for ourselves every single right that belongs to a freeborn American, political, civil, and social; and until we get these rights we will never cease to protest and assail the ears of America.