Marine Reserves: A Guide to Science, Design, and Use

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Island Press, Aug 6, 2004 - Nature - 383 pages
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Conventional fishery management practices have failed to prevent the collapse of numerous fish stocks around the world. Amid growing concern about our ability to protect marine biodiversity and ecosystem integrity, scientists and managers alike are seeking alternative management tools. One of the most promising of those is no-take marine reserves -- areas of the sea where all consumptive use of natural resources is prohibited. Marine Reserves is the first guidebook on no-take marine reserves, providing a synthesis of information on the underlying science, as well as design and implementation issues. The book, by Jack Sobel and Craig Dahlgren, describes the need for marine reserves and their potential benefits, examines how reserves can be designed to achieve specific objectives, and considers gaps in our knowledge and the research needed to address those gaps. Chapters examine: marine biological and geophysical issues relevant to reserve design; potential economic and biological benefits of marine reserves, and the likelihood of achieving them; influence of social and economic factors on reserve design and implementation; lessons learned from past efforts to establish marine reserves. Also included are three case studies from California, Belize, and the Bahamas, as well as a review of experiences globally across a broad range of geographical locations, socioeconomic conditions, and marine environments. Case studies provide background on the history of marine reserves in each location, the process by which reserves were created, and the effect of the reserves on marine populations and communities as well as on human communities. Marine Reserves represents an invaluable guide for fishery managers and marine protected area managers in creating and implementing effective marine reserves, and an accessible reference for environmentalists and others concerned with the conservation of marine resources. It will also be useful in undergraduate and graduate courses in marine ecology, fisheries, marine policy, and related fields.
 

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“Marine Reserves is the first guidebook on no-take marine reserves, providing a synthesis of information on the underlying science, as well as design and implementation issues. The book describes the need for marine reserves and their potential benefits, examines how reserves can be designed to achieve specific objectives, and considers gaps in our knowledge and the research needed to address those gaps.”-Amazon.com product review 

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Contents

Our Oceans in Trouble
3
The State of Marine Ecosystems and Fisheries
33
Fishing and Its Impacts
61
What Marine Reserves Can Accomplish
91
Design and Designation of Marine Reserve
128
Social Dimensions of Marine Reserves
164
Research Priorities and Techniques
187
GLOBAL EXPERIENCE AND CASE STUDIES
235
Californias Channel Islands and the US West Coast
237
Bahamian Marine ReservesPast Experience and Future Plans
268
Belizes Evolving System of Marine Reserves
287
Global Review Lessons from around the World
316
About the Authors
367
About the Contributors
368
Index
371
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About the author (2004)

Jack Sobel is director of the Ecosystems Protection Program at the Center for Marine Conservation. He has played a major role in advancing the concept of marine reserves in the United States and was instrumental in developing the marine reserve in the Florida Keys.

Craig Dahlgren is director of research at the Caribbean Marine Research Center in the Bahamas.

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