Maritime Security: Vessel Tracking Systems Provide Key Information, But the Need for Duplicate Data Should be Reviewed
DIANE Publishing, 2009 - 58 pages
U.S. ports, waterways, and coastal approaches are part of a system handling more than $700 billion in merchandise annually. With the many possible threats -- including transportation and detonation of weapons of mass destruction, suicide attacks against vessels, and others -- in the maritime domain, awareness of such threats could give the Coast Guard (CG) advance notice to help detect, deter, interdict, and defeat them. This report reviews the CG¿s efforts to achieve awareness about such activity. It addresses: the extent to which the CG: (1) has vessel tracking systems in place; (2) can use these systems to track vessels that may be threats; and (3) has coordinated the development and implementation of these systems. Illustrations.
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2,000 nautical miles 300 gross tons AIS Coverage AIS signals Automatic Identification System capabilities cargo vessels Coast Guard officials commercially provided long commercially provided long-range coordination Distress and Safety duplication efforts federal Homeland Security identification and tracking inland waterways installed international data exchange International Maritime Organization international voyages locations long-range tracking LRIT and commercially Maritime Domain Awareness Maritime Security maritime transportation system Movement Reporting Service MTSA NAIS Increment national technical means navigable Notice of Arrival offshore vessel identification operate AIS equipment passenger vessels plans programs provided long-range AIS range AIS receive Reporting Service areas requirements risk management SAFE Port Act satellite sensors small vessels SOLAS Supply Chain Security threats track vessels tracking information U.S. Coast Guard U.S. coastal areas U.S. coastline U.S. port U.S. waters United Vessel Movement Reporting vessel operators vessel tracking systems Vessel Traffic Service vessels at sea vessels in U.S. vessels traveling Washington