Market Reforms in Mexico: Coalitions, Institutions, and the Politics of Policy Change
The last two decades saw a host of governments abandon statist development models for more market-friendly ones. However, not all reform attempts fared equally well. Why do some governments succeed in implementing market reforms while others fail? Why might the same government succeed in one policy area but not another? Market Reforms in Mexico explores these central questions by examining Mexico's reform experience in privatization, deregulation, and environmental policy. More than simply a book on 'Mexican politics,' this study speaks to the broader political dynamics behind the success or failure to implement reforms; first, by assessing new policy initiatives in multiple arenas across presidential administrations in Mexico, then by comparing Mexico's privatization experience to that of Argentina's. Through structured, focused comparison of select case studies, the author argues that the fate of dramatic reform initiatives turned on coalition politics (both inside and outside the state), and explains how institutional dynamics and the capacity to solve the problem of policy 'costs' strongly affected reformers' prospects of success.
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actors administration Aerolineas Argentinas Aeroméxico agencies agenda Argentina Author’s interview authority autonomy Bank beneﬁts bureaucratic Camacho camarillas Cananea Carlos change team City’s coalition politics command and control conﬂict corporate corporatism corporatist costs Denise Dresser deregulation Development divestment Ecology Economic Policy Economic Reform Economy of Mexico environmental policy example Federal ﬁnance ﬁnancial ﬁrms ﬁrst freight government’s implementation incentives industrial inﬂuence initiatives inside institutional innovation International John Waterbury labor Latin America leverage market reforms Menem ment Mexican Mexico City Ministry National neoliberal nomic Ofﬁce ofﬁcials opponents organizational position organizational strength outcomes party Pedro Aspe percent Peronist PICCA policy change policy makers policy reform Political Economy Politics of Economic pollution president presidential problems public enterprises public sector reﬂected reform process regime regulations regulatory restructuring Salinas SEDUE Sicartsa Sidermex signiﬁcant social speciﬁc statism strategies structure subsidies technocratic tion Transportation union University Press workers World Bank