Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'
Marsilius of Padua is conventionally seen as a thinker ahead of his time: the first secular political theorist, and the first post-classical thinker to espouse republicanism. He is presented as a scholastic precursor of the republican humanists of the Renaissance. Starting with an examination of the neglected evidence for Marsilius's life, and the contemporary response to his best-known work, the Defensor Pacis, this new study argues that such an interpretation is quite wrong. It shows that Marsilius was not a republican, but an imperialist; and that far from being a secular political theorist, his great work Defensor Pacis is underpinned by a profound Christian understanding of history as a providentially ordained process.
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Providential History from the Fall of Man
Providential History from the Reign of Constantine
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According to Marsilius aposdes apostolic apostolic poverty argument Aristode authority bishop and church bishops of Rome book's canon Christ Christian church of Rome civitas Clement clerics coercive jurisdiction council decretal Defensor minor Defensor pacts Discourse discussed divine law doctrine document dominium donation of Constantine DPll election emperor excommunication faithful human legislator Gewirth heretical human law imperial institution interpretation John of Jandun John XXII Landulphus Licet iuxta Louis of Bavaria Louis's Marsilius and John Marsilius considered Marsilius of Padua Marsilius's Marsilius's view Medieval modern monarchy multitude multitudo fidelium Offler ordained pacis papacy papal claims perfect Pincin plenitudo potestatis political pope Previte'-Orton priesdy priesthood priests primitive church principans principatus principes prioritas providential provinces Pseudo-Isidore Pseudo-Isidorian Quillet role Roman bishop Roman Empire sacramental Scholz Scripture secular successors supreme temporal tion Tortosa translatione imperil universitas William of Ockham XXII's xxiii xxvi