Martín Fierro

Front Cover
Alianza Editorial, 2004 - Fiction - 331 pages
Obra admirada por Jorge Luis Borges, quien le consagró un espléndido ensayo publicado en esta colección (BA 0028), la primera parte de MARTÍN FIERRO ­«El gaucho Martín Fierro»­ fue publicada en 1872; su gran éxito decidió a JOSÉ HERNÁNDEZ (1834-1886) a probar fortuna de nuevo en 1879 con «La vuelta de Martín Fierro», fecha a partir de la cual el libro no sólo ha seguido gozando de una ininterrumpida popularidad, sino que se ha convertido en el clásico indiscutible de la poesía gauchesca. Esta edición de Santiago M. Lugones es, a juicio de Borges, «acaso la mejor» por sus lacónicas notas, utilísimas para la inteligencia del texto, para definir vocablos desaparecidos con el andar de los tiempos y para familiarizar al lector «con el habla del gaucho, sus sentimientos, sus costumbres y las cosas de su medio ambiente».

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About the author (2004)

The Gaucho Martin Fierro (1872) is a lyric epic poem written in praise of the gaucho way of life at a time when gauchos were looked on as curiosities or nuisances by the European-dominated Buenos Aires society. At the time, the gauchos were being swallowed by industrial and agricultural progress and manipulated by contending political parties. Hernandez's primary purpose was to inform people about the vanishing culture of the gaucho. Although the first part of the poem portrays the rebellion against society's mistreatment of the gaucho and its restrictions on his freedom to roam as he saw fit, the second part has a more didactic tone and urges a reconciliation; but one which necessarily involves the gaucho's acceptance of landowner hegemony. This poem became the voice of the gaucho, but it has also been adopted by all Argentines as an important part of their national tradition.