Martial: The Unexpected Classic
This is the first full-length study in English of the Roman poet Martial's life, poetry and politics, as well as of the survival of his fifteen books of epigrams and short poems from his death around AD 104 to the present. The subjects examined include his defence of epigram as an art form, his misogyny and obscenity, his style, wit and humour, and, not least, his imperial propaganda. The concluding part of the work examines his high reputation in the Renaissance and the later censorship and neglect of his work until comparatively recently. All the material is presented for a modern objective assessment of his achievement, without in any way disguising the unpleasant aspects of his genius, and the political and literary pressures on poets in Rome at that period.
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1 Martials life and times
2 Martials Apologia pro opere suo
Martials Greek and Latin models
4 The coherence of Martials themes
5 Martials sexual attitudes
6 Humanity and humour imagery and wit
7 Survival and revival
addressed allusions ancient Apophoreta attitudes Augustan Augustus authors behaviour Bilbilis Book Caesar Callimachus Catullus Celtiberian century Citroni classical client contemporary Crinagoras critical Dacians Decebalus defence discussion Domitian Domitius Marsus earlier edition elegy emperor English epigrammatic epigrammatists epigrams epitaphs erotic example favour female ﬁgures ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁt ﬂattery Flavian friends genre gifts Greek Anthology Greek epigram honour Horace humour imitations imperial inﬂuence jokes later Latin Liber de spectaculis literary literature Lucan Lucillius Marsus Martial Martial’s epigrams Meleager modern moral Nero Nero’s Nerva Nicarchus obscene one’s Ovid Ovid’s Parthenius patronage patrons perhaps Petronius Plin Pliny poems poet poet’s poetic poetry political popular praef praise Propertius Quintilian quod reader references reﬂect rhetorical Roman Rome Sarmatians satiric satiric epigrams Seneca sexual signiﬁcant Silius Italicus slaves social Spain Spanish Spec speciﬁcally Statius status Suet Szelest themes tibi Tibullus Titus tradition Trajan translation verse Vespasian Virgil women writing Xenia