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Abbe affairs Alberoni alliance allies army attack August Austria bank Bavaria bed of justice Belle-Isle Bourbon cabinet Canada Cardinal Cardinal de Noailles caused ceded Charles Choiseul clergy colonies command commerce corps council court D'Argenson death declaration decree despite Dubois Duke of Orleans Dupleix edict Emperor enemy England English Europe favor finances Fleuri forces foreign France Frederick French guarantee Hist Holland hundred thousand idea interest Italy Jansenists Jesuits King liberty longer Louis XIV Madame de Pompadour March Maria Theresa maritime Marshal ment millions minister ministry monarchy Monsieur le Due Montesquieu moral nation Noailles nobility officers Paris parliament Parma peace Philip Poland political possession princes promised Protestants Prussia refused Regent revenue-farmers Richelieu royal Saint-Simon Sardinia Saxony shares ships siege Silesia soldiers Spain Spanish specie spirit squadron succeeded success taxes thing thousand francs tion treaty treaty of Utrecht troops Versailles villain-tax Voltaire
Page 387 - In short, all the symptoms which I have ever met ' with in History, previous to great Changes and ' Revolutions in Government, now exist and daily ' increase in France.'* CHAPTER III.
Page 524 - ... the moment they are at peace with all the world. . 3". The two kings extend their guaranty to the King of the Two Sicilies, and the infant Duke of Parma, on condition that thefe two princes guaranty the dominions of their Moll Chriftian and Catholic Majefties.
Page 431 - Mbany plan, as it was called, after it was adopted by the congress, proposed a general government for the provinces, to be administered by a president appointed by the crown, and a grand council, chosen by the provincial assemblies : the council was to lay taxes for all the common exigencies. The plan, though unanimously sanctioned by the congress, was rejected by the board of trade, as savoring too much of the democratic, and by the assemblies, as having too much of prerogative in it. In 1751, he...
Page 371 - Laws, taken in the broadest meaning, are the necessary relations deriving from the nature of things; and in this sense, all beings have their laws: the divinity has its laws, the material world has its laws, the intelligences superior to man have their laws, the beasts have their laws, man has his laws.
Page 358 - God has given us a principle of universal reason, as he has given plumage to the birds, and fur to the bears
Page 243 - ... became the soul of a new confederacy, which again involved the empire in war, and endangered the hereditary possessions of the house of Austria. With his usual secresy he formed the project of a convention, which was signed on the 13th of May, 1744, at Frankfort on the Main, with the emperor, France, the elector Palatine, and the king of Sweden as landgrave of Hesse. He beheld with alarm the rapid progress of prince Charles in Alsace, and seized this critical opportunity, when the Austrian dominions...
Page 326 - It is only necessary to lay aside the most stupid prejudice, to admit that two things are chiefly to be desired for the good of the State : one, that all the citizens shall be equal among themselves; the other, that each shall be the son of his works.
Page 541 - ... resources, sprang directly from the sea? The policy in which the English government carried on the war is shown by a speech of Pitt, the master-spirit during its course, though he lost office before bringing it to an end. Condemning the Peace of 1763, made by his political opponent, he said: " France is chiefly, if not exclusively, formidable to us as a maritime and commercial power. What we gain in this respect is valuable to us, above all, through the injury to her which results from it. You...
Page 346 - ... to compliment him. Our civil wars under Charles VI. were cruel; those of the League were abominable ; that of the Fronde was ridiculous.
Page 6 - ... near Paris, where for eleven hundred years kings of France had been buried. It was more like a festival than a funeral. " I saw little tents," he records, " set up along the road, in which people drank, sang, laughed. The sentiments of the citizens of Paris had passed into the minds of the populace. The Jesuit, Le Tellier, was the principal cause of this universal joy. I heard several spectators say that the torches which lighted the procession ought to be used for setting fire to the houses...