Marx, Hayek, and Utopia
This book develops a critique of utopianism through a provocative comparison of the works of Karl Marx and F. A. Hayek, thus engaging two vastly different traditions in critical dialogue. By emphasizing the methodological and substantive similarities between Marxian and Hayekian perspectives, it challenges each tradition’s most precious assumptions about the other. Through this comparative analysis, the book articulates the crucial distinctions between utopian and radical theorizing.
Sciabarra examines the dialectical method of social inquiry common to both Marxian and Hayekian thought and argues that both Marx and Hayek rejected utopian theorizing because it internalizes an abstract, ahistorical, exaggerated sense of human possibility. The chief disagreement between Marx and Hayek, he shows, is not political but epistemological, reflecting their differing assumptions about the limits of reason.
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abstract according to Marx Aristotelian Aristotle articulated Austrian Austrian school Ayn Rand Blanshard bourgeois capitalism capitalist Chicago cognitive communism conception conscious constructivism constructivist context Critical critique of utopianism dialectical method dispersed knowledge distinction dualism dynamic economic efficacious elements emergent epistemic epistemological existence F. A. Hayek factors Frankfurt School grasp Habermas Hayek’s view Hayekian Hegel hermeneutics Hilary Wainwright historically specific human action human intentions Ibid ideal individual institutions integrated intellectual interaction internal relations Karl Karl Marx knowledge labor Lavoie liberal libertarian logical Marx and Engels Marx and Hayek Marx argues Marx views Marx's Marx’s Marxian Marxist material means methodological Mises moral Ollman one’s organic unity Philosophy Polanyi polarity political Popper production radical rational rationalist reason recognizes reconstruction relationships Rothbard rules Sciabarra social reality socialist society spontaneous order strict organicity structure synoptic tacit theorists theory thinkers tion tradition transcend unintended consequences unintended social consequences Wainwright whole York