Marxism and Literature
This book extends the theme of Raymond Williams's earlier work in literary and cultural analysis. He analyses previous contributions to a Marxist theory of literature from Marx himself to Lukacs, Althusser, and Goldmann, and develops his own approach by outlining a theory of `cultural materialism' which integrates Marxist theories of language with Marxist theories of literature. Williams moves from a review of the growth of the concepts of literature and idealogy to a redefinition of `determinism' and `hegemony'. His incisive discussion of the 'social material process' of cultural activity culminates in a re-examination of the problems of alignment and commitment and of the creative practice in individual authors and wider social groups.
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abstract active actual aesthetic alternative analysis argument articulation basic bourgeois capitalist complex concept constitutive conventions creative crucial cultural theory defined definition determination difficult distinction dominant duction economic effect elements emergent emphasis empiricism Engels especially evident example experience expression formal forms Frankfurt School genre hegemony homology human ideas ideo ideology important individual institutions kind language limits literary literary theory literature London Marx Marx’s Marxism material production material social process meanings and values mediation metaphysical mode mode of production natural necessary notations objective objectivist orthodox Marxism particular political position practical consciousness problem productive forces radical range reality recognition reduced reﬂection rela relations relations of production relationships relatively residual seen selective sense separated significant signs situation social and historical society sociology sociology of culture specialized specific structure superstructure tendency theoretical theory thought tion tive tradition tural variable variations Volosinov whole writing