Mass Media in the 1920s
GRIN Verlag, 2008 - 56 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,0, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Fachbereich Angewandte Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaft), course: The Twenties in the United States: Social Change, Popular Culture and Literary Representations, 16 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide a short but comprehensive overview of the new types of media - tabloids, magazines, radio, and motion pictures - that originated in the United States in the 1920s. The emergence of those mass media went along with the emergence of a new mass culture. It is therefore necessary to take a look at the social, economic, and political context of the period at first. Then the various forms of media will be considered individually and examined with regard to their impact, both positive and negative, on American society. In doing so, it will become evident that the press, radio, and cinema of the time did not only reflect but also shape American popular culture towards a cosmopolitan, yet increasingly uniform point of view. The 1920s are commonly depicted as a decade of technological and scientific innovations, prosperity and entertainment, bootleggers and flappers, sports heroes and silent movie stars, hot jazz and the Charleston. Today, these keywords have taken on a rather romantic tinge of adventure. However, it must not be forgotten that the developments and achievements respectively which marked the 1920s were preceded and accompanied by profound social, economic, and cultural changes. Immigration and race, organized crime and prohibition, sexual morality and gender were the crucial issues on top of the agenda then. The United States experienced a fundamental shift in moral values and patterns of thought as it was moving from a rural, traditionalist culture to a far more permissive urban culture. Before 1900, social and moral standards in the United States were based
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akademische Texte American Marconi American Mercury AT&T AT&T’s station WEAF became become Briggs broadcasting companies broadcasting station broadcasts of music broadcasts of phonograph camera Cashman cigarettes comedy commercial communication conformity and repetition copywriters coverage create crime crystal sets Daily Mirror early Electric Emery/Emery Europe film Folkerts/Teeter 1989 former Goldberg GRIN Verlag groups growing number Hahn Mass media history of radio industry instance jazz journalism KDKA Kyvig Lee De Forest live Macfadden magazines Mencken million moral motion pictures Mott movie theaters network fed one’s penny papers people’s homes Peterson photographer Pittsburgh popular culture programs Radio Act Radio Networks radio sets reach Reader’s Digest readers readership Rebekka Hahn Mass rural population Ruth Snyder sensationalist signals silent movie stars singers social sold standards style of writing tabloid telephone Today’s traditional Puritan transmitted turn radio United Vaudevilles Wallace Westinghouse William Randolph Hearst York Evening Graphic York Illustrated Daily York’s Yorker