Mass Migration to Modern Latin America

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2003 - History - 293 pages
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It is well known that large numbers of Europeans migrated overseas during the century preceding the Great Depression of 1930, and that a great many of them went to the United States. What is not well known, particularly in the United States, is that more than 20 percent of these migrants emigrated to Latin America, and that they significantly influenced the demographic, economic, and cultural evolution of many areas in the region. Individuals have migrated to Latin America since the beginning of the Conquest more than 500 years ago, but by far the largest number, 10 million, migrated from 1870 to 1930. This incredible influx was also concentrated in terms of the origins and destinations of the individuals: three-quarters came from the Iberian peninsula and Italy, while 91 percent relocated to just three countries-Argentina (50 percent), Brazil (36 percent), and Uruguay (5 percent). Mass Migration to Modern Latin America includes original contributions from more than a dozen of the leading scholars of the new methodologically and theoretically innovative Latin American migration history that has emerged during the past 20 years. Although the authors focus primarily on the nature and impact of mass migration to Argentina and Brazil from 1870 to 1930, they place their analysis in broader historical and comparative contexts. They link the mass migrations at the turn of the past century to older migratory traditions and existing social networks, some of which had their roots in the colonial period. The editors begin each section of the book with personal stories of individual immigrants and their families, providing students with a glimpse into the complex process of migration and how it played out in various situations. This text will help readers understand that Latin America is more than a "traditional society," composed of the descendants of the Conquistadors and Native Americans. This book demonstrates the crucial impact of the mass migrations of the late nineteenth and early twentieth c
 

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Contents

Spanish Emigration to Cuba and Argentina
9
A History of Spanish and Italian Migration to the South Atlantic Regions of the Americas
29
Portuguese Transatlantic Migration
51
Italian Immigrants in Buenos Aires and New York City 18701914 A Comparative Analysis of Adjustment
69
Sharing the City Residence Patterns and Immigrant Integration in Buenos Aires and Montevideo
81
The Japanese in Peru and Brazil A Comparative Perspective
113
Argentina
137
Manuel Suarez Martinez 18451917 a Galician Migrant to Argentina
139
Immigrants and Female Work in Argentina Questioning Gender Stereotypes and Constructing Images The Case of the Italians 18791900
195
Brazil
219
Santo Codo 18611942 an Italian Immigrant on a Brazilian Coffee Plantation
221
German Immigration and Brazils Colonization Policy
227
Jewish Immigration to Brazil
245
Family and Immigration in the Brazilian Past
263
Common Themes and Future Directions
279
Suggested Readings
289

The Danes in the Argentine Pampa The Role of Ethnic Leaders in the Creation of an Ethnic Community 18481930
147
Marriage Household and Integration in Mass Migration to Argentina The Case of Tandil
167
About the Contributors
291
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Page xiii - ... in the second half of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries, the government often hampered business growth through onerous rules and tariffs.

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About the author (2003)

Samuel L. Baily is professor of history at Rutgers University. Eduardo José Miguez is professor of history at the Universidad Nacional del Centro, Tandil, Argentina.