Mass Transit: Bus Rapid Transit Shows Promise : Report to Congressional Requesters

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Page 5 - ... justification measures. Relative to the no build alternative, it should include transit improvements lower in cost than the new start which result in a better ratio of measures of transit mobility compared to cost than the no build alternative. BRT means bus rapid transit. Bus Rapid Transit refers to coordinated improvements in a transit system's infrastructure, equipment, operations, and technology that give preferential treatment to buses on fixed guideways and urban roadways. The intention...
Page 6 - Authority and San Diego Metropolitan Transit Development Board. Light Rail transit is a metropolitan-electric railway system characterized by its ability to operate in a variety of environments such as streets, subways, or elevated structures. (See fig. 3 for an example of a Light Rail System.) Since Light Rail systems can operate on streets with other traffic, they typically use an overhead source for their electrical power and boardings take place from the street or platforms. According to a transportation...
Page 5 - Buses receiving an early or extended green light at intersections reduce travel time-in Los Angeles, for example, by as much as 10 percent. • Boarding and fare collection improvements. Convenient and rapid fare collection through prepaid or electronic passes and low-floor and/or wide-door boarding results in timesavings. • Limited stops. Increasing distances between stations or shelters improves operating speeds. • Improved stations and shelters. Bus terminals and unique stations or shelters...
Page 12 - Program, which provides funds to states and local transit agencies for bus improvements. This program is characterized by a large number of relatively small grants. For example, for fiscal year 2001 the Congress appropriated about $574.1 million for 314 grants, ranging from $39,000 to $15.5 million; the largest amounts typically were provided for statewide bus grants. While these funds can be combined with funds from other programs, such as New Starts, they are generally not sufficient to fund a...
Page 13 - In 1999, the FTA initiated a demonstration program to generate familiarity and interest in Bus Rapid Transit. The goal of the program was to promote improved bus service similar to model systems in Curitiba, Brazil; Adelaide, Australia; and Ottawa, Canada, as an alternative to more capital-intensive rail projects. The program initially provided $50,000 to 10 transit agencies to share information and data on new Bus Rapid Transit...
Page 17 - Bus Rapid Transit Capital Costs Per Mile Generally Lower Than Light Rail The Bus Rapid Transit projects that we reviewed cost less on average to build than the Light Rail projects, on a per-mile basis. As shown in figure 6, Bus Rapid Transit capital costs averaged about $13.5 million per mile for busways, $9.0 million per mile for buses on HOV lanes, and $680,000 per mile on city streets, when escalated to 2000 dollars.
Page 5 - Transit on busways or HOV lanes is sometimes characterized by the addition of extensive park and ride facilities along with entrance and exit access for these lanes. Bus Rapid Transit systems using arterial streets may include lanes reserved for the exclusive use of buses and street enhancements that speed buses and improve service.
Page 8 - FTA wanted the Bus Rapid Transit program to show how using technological advancements and improving the image of buses would allow buses to increase ridership and operate with the speed, reliability, and efficiency of Light Rail. The grantees in the demonstration program may...
Page 6 - ... encompasses a variety of approaches designed to improve speed, reliability, and quality of service. We identified three general types of Bus Rapid Transit systems— those that 'Capital costs typically include the costs to plan, design, and construct a project SI jg!
Page 1 - ... traffic signal prioritization, rail-like stations with level-floor boarding, and advance fare collection. In the United States at least 17 cities are planning to incorporate aspects of Bus Rapid Transit. The Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has begun to support this concept and expand awareness of new ways to design and operate high capacity Bus Rapid Transit systems as an alternative to building Light Rail systems. Light Rail systems generally are electric...

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