Mastering Iron: The Struggle to Modernize an American Industry, 1800-1868

Front Cover
University of Chicago Press, Jan 15, 2013 - Business & Economics - 334 pages
0 Reviews
Veins of iron run deep in the history of America. Iron making began almost as soon as European settlement, with the establishment of the first ironworks in colonial Massachusetts. Yet it was Great Britain that became the Atlantic world’s dominant low-cost, high-volume producer of iron, a position it retained throughout the nineteenth century. It was not until after the Civil War that American iron producers began to match the scale and efficiency of the British iron industry.   In Mastering Iron, Anne Kelly Knowles argues that the prolonged development of the US iron industry was largely due to geographical problems the British did not face. Pairing exhaustive manuscript research with analysis of a detailed geospatial database that she built of the industry, Knowles reconstructs the American iron industry in unprecedented depth, from locating hundreds of iron companies in their social and environmental contexts to explaining workplace culture and social relations between workers and managers. She demonstrates how ironworks in Alabama, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia struggled to replicate British technologies but, in the attempt, brought about changes in the American industry that set the stage for the subsequent age of steel.   Richly illustrated with dozens of original maps and period art work, all in full color, Mastering Iron sheds new light on American ambitions and highlights the challenges a young nation faced as it grappled with its geographic conditions.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Iron in America
1
1 Mapping the Iron Industry
11
2 The Worlds of Ironworkers
63
3 High Hopes and Failure
111
4 The Elements of Success
151
5 Iron for the Civil War
183
American Iron
227
Acknowledgments
243
A Note on Historical GIS
249
Notes
255
Glossary
297
Bibliography
301
Map Sources
319
Index
323
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2013)

Anne Kelly Knowles is a historical geographer who teaches at Middlebury College, where she has been a member of the Department of Geography since 2002. A 2015 Guggenheim Fellow, she is the author of Calvinists Incorporated: Welsh Immigrants on Ohio's Industrial Frontier, also published by the University of Chicago Press, and the editor of Placing History: How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS Are Changing Historical Scholarship

Bibliographic information