Mastery learning is an optimistic theory of human learning that proposes that all learners can achieve mastery of the school's curricular content. Since it demands long range planning and precise designing of learning programs, this method cannot be employed without a great deal of thought and preparation. The forerunners of mastery learning go back as far as the seventeenth century, but the modern concept originated with a model developed by John B. Carroll in 1963. According to Carroll's theory, if students are normally distributed according to aptitude, and, if all are given the same instruction, achievement will be normally distributed. The method assumes that all children can learn equally or nearly equally most school tasks. The mastery learning model consists of six components: (1) identification of specific objectives for each learning task; (2) preassessment of the learner; (3) instruction; (4) diagnostic assessment; (5) prescription; and (6) postassessment. Areas of this approach which should be further examined include: the need for highly specified instructional goals, the philosophical disagreement over the concept of equal education, and limited teacher skills for using mastery learning. However, mastery learning is an innovative method and a powerful concept which deserves careful consideration. (FG)
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Assumptions about Mastery Learning
But Thats Just Good Teaching
1 other sections not shown
achieve mastery affective entry behaviors Assumptions about Mastery assure behavioristic Benjamin Bloom cognitive entry skills component of mastery computer-assisted instruction Corrective Instruction criterion for mastery Curriculum Development Diagnostic assessment difference between mastery educa educational outcome enrichment material equality of educational everything the school fastback further learning grade instructional component instructional design instructional goals James H learner to achieve learner's affective learning objectives learning sequence learning to succeed learning units LOWELL HORTON Managing for Mastery mastery approach Mastery learning assumes mastery learning model mastery learning process mastery learning program Mastery learning requires mastery learning theory mastery model method nearly all learners normal distribution notion peer tutoring Phi Delta Kappa planning for mastery Postassessment Preassessment Tests prescription principles of mastery progress Proponents of mastery school curriculum school learning sensitively and systematically specific Taped instructions Teachers will need teaching and learning teaching for mastery tery learning theory and research tion tional worksheets