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Materia Medica of Vegetable and Animal Origin: With Notes on the Properties ...
No preview available - 2015
90 per cent acetic acrid taste adulterants alcohol alkalies alkaloid aloes aromatic odour astringent bark bast bitter taste boiling brittle brown brownish calcium calcium oxalate cells chief constituent chiefly chloroform cineol collected Colonial Addendum colouring matter colourless Composita consists contains copaiba cork cortex crystalline cultivated dark diameter dilute distillation distinctive characters distinguished dried drug possesses endosperm ether exhibits extract Extractum exudes fibrous fixed oil flowers fracture fresh fruit glucoside hilum hydrochloric acid hyoscyamine India Indian and Colonial indigenous insoluble leaves less Linne N.O. liquid longitudinally masses medicinal medullary rays mucilage nitric acid numerous obtained occurs oil s.g. outer pale pericarp pieces Pilula plant potassium hydroxide powder preparation presence produced properties reddish reddish-brown resembles resin rhizome root salts seeds shape slightly smooth soluble solution species starch stem substance sugar tannin terpene thick thin Tinctura transverse section tree turpentine usually volatile oil whitish wood yellow yellowish yields
Page 88 - CARBO LIGNI. WOOD CHARCOAL. Wood charred by exposure to a red heat without access of air.
Page 304 - ... top and bottom, and crowned with the persistent stigma, the diverging segments of which are arranged in a circle upon the summit ; it contains numerous minute white seeds, which, when perfectly ripe, escape through small openings beneath the stigma...
Page 70 - It possesses astringent properties, and is official in the Indian and Colonial Addendum, for use in India and the Eastern Colonies, as a substitute for East Indian, Malabar, or Madras kino, in making official preparations for which ordinary kino is directed to be used.
Page 195 - This process of conversion, which is called " open conversion," is completed in about two hours. Another method is called " close conversion." The substances are inclosed in stout copper cylinders, and subjected to the action of superheated steam. This process occupies about fifteen minutes. The conversion is also accomplished sometimes by fermentation.
Page 208 - ... India and Ceylon. This variety of orange peel should possess the pleasant odour and bitter taste characteristic of bitter orange peel from Citrus Aurantium, var. Bigaradia, and should have very little of the white inner portion of the pericarp adhering to it.
Page 406 - Pharmacopoeias, is a mixture of dipentene, and other hydrocarbons, obtained by agitating oil of turpentine with successive quantities of sulphuric acid until it no longer possesses optical activity.
Page 191 - In translucent and almost colourless sheets or shreds. A solution in 50 parts of hot water is inodorous, and solidifies to a jelly on cooling.
Page 87 - The residue of bones which have been exposed to a red heat without the access of air. Consists principally of charcoal, phosphate, and carbonate of lime.