Material Computation: Higher Integration in Morphogenetic Design
John Wiley & Sons, Apr 2, 2012 - Architecture - 144 pages
The production of architecture, both intellectually and physically, is on the brink of a fundamental change. Computational design enables architects to integrate ever more multifaceted and complex design information, while the industrial logics of conventional building construction are eroding rapidly in a context of increasingly ubiquitous computer-controlled manufacturing and fabrication. A novel convergence of computation and materialisation is about to emerge, bringing the virtual process of design and the physical realisation of architecture much closer together, more so than ever before. Computation provides a powerful agency for both informing the design process through specific material behaviour and characteristics, and in turn informing the organisation of matter and material across multiple scales based on feedback from the environment. Computational design and integrated materialisation processes allow for uncovering the inherent morphogenetic potential of materials and thus are opening up a largely uncharted field of possibilities for the way the built environment in the 21st century is conceived and produced. In order to effectively introduce and outline the enabling power of computational design along with its inherent relationship to a biological paradigm, this publication looks at formation and materialisation in nature, integrative computational design, and engineering and manufacturing integration.
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2012 John Wiley Achim Menges Aggregate Architectures algorithmic anisotropy assembly baubotanical Baubotanik research group bending behaviour biological bone Buro Happold Cambridge capacity cell complex components Computational Design ICD computational design process conifer cones Contour Crafting Darwin machine deﬁned design approach design computation Design GSD design tool differentiated digital fabrication dynamic elements embedded emergent enables engineering environment environmental ETH Zurich example explored ﬁbre ﬁrst force form-finding Frei Otto function geometric grains granular material growth hygroscopic ICD/ITKE Images industrial robot Institute for Computational integrated interaction logic Massachusetts material behaviour material computation material properties material systems materialisation MIT Media Lab morphology morphospace nature osteoclasts osteocytes overall panels parameters particle Performative Wood Philip Ball physical plants plates plywood production programmable prototype Research Pavilion responsive scales shape simulation Sons Ltd spatial speciﬁc Steffen Reichert techniques technologies University of Stuttgart variable Wiley & Sons Zaha Hadid