Materials for Conservation: Organic Consolidants, Adhesives and Coatings
The continual struggle of conservators to ameliorate the deterioration of objects usually means adding other materials, both traditional and synthetic. These materials and methods are part of the sophisticated Technology that has been developed to preserve, stabilise, and restore this Heritage. However, conservators must have the knowledge to appreciate the potentials and pitfalls of any proposed technique, old or new. This is the standard text for students and practitioners alike, providing in convenient form an up to date summary of necessary information. This second edition has been re-written to incorporate the explosion of scientific understanding of polymers, particularly natural products, adding these insights to the expanding expertise and observations of conservators.
The first section explains physical and chemical properties which are important in the conservation process, i.e. application. ageing, reversal. The topics covered include molecular weight, glass transition temperature, solubility and solvents, polymerisation and degradation reactions, adhesion, and uses. The second section provides detailed consideration of the individual materials, current and obsolete, used in conservation, drawing out the factors relevant to their effects on objects. The conservation uses each material are summarised and referenced to allow further study. In four appendices, the properties of the polymers, solvents and their interactions are tabulated, health and safety information (including the soon-to-be-implemented global system), and a glossary of terms have been added. IUPAC and SI nomenclature is used throughout the book.
This book should he on the bookshelf' of every conservator Who uses adhesives, consolidants or coatings, irrespective of which type of object is being treated.
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acetone acid acrylic adhesive alcohol amylopectin amylose applied ASTM borderline Brommelle cellulose cellulose nitrate CH 3 H chain Chemistry coatings Committee for Conservation components Council of Museums cross-linking cyanoacrylate cyclohexanone dammar degradation Dispersion force contribution dissolve drying effect epoxy resins ethanol evaporation Feller Figure film force contribution 100fd gelatine glass transition temperature glue groups H H H H Hansen Solubility heating hydrogen bonding increase Institute for Conservation International Council International Institute Journal Ketone liquid mastic methacrylate methyl mixture molecular weight molecules monomer Museums Committee non-solvent object oligomers oxidation paintings Paraloid B-72 Parylene picture varnishes pigments Plastics poly(vinyl acetate poly(vinyl alcohol polyester polymer polymerization Preprints properties PVAC PVAL react reaction reduce removed room temperature rubber shrinkage silane silicone solid solubility parameters solution solvents stability starch Studies in Conservation substrate surface textiles thermoplastic tion treatment triennial meeting vinyl viscosity