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acting action angle applicable arising axes axis becomes belonging body centre clear co-ordinates coefficients communication compared complete conceive condition conducting consequently consider consideration constant contained corresponding deduce density depends determine differential direction distance easy effect electricity element ellipsoid employed entire equal equation equilibrium evidently expanded expression extending exterior fluid force formula give given Hence immediately incidence induced infinite integral interior known light magnetic means medium method Moreover motion nature neglecting observed obtain originally parallel particles particular plane polarized positive potential function powers preceding present produced proved quantity radius reduce reflected refracted remains remark represent respectively satisfy shell simple space sphere substituted suppose surface taken term theory tion variable vibrations wave whole wire zero
الصفحة 246 - of the advantages of this method, of great importance, is that we are " necessarily led by the mere process of the calculation, and with little care "on our part, to all the equations and conditions which are requisite and "sufficient for the complete solution of any problem to which it may be "applied.
الصفحة 245 - If, however, this were not the case, we are so perfectly ignorant of the mode of action of the elements of the luminiferous ether on each other, that it would seem a safer method to take some general physical principle as the basis of our reasoning, rather than assume certain modes of action, which, after all, may be widely different from the mechanism employed by nature ; more especially if this principle include in itself, as a particular case, those before used by M. Cauchy and others, and also...
الصفحة viii - In whatever way the elements of any material system may act upon each other, if all the internal forces exerted be multiplied by the elements of their respective directions, the total sum for any assigned portion of the mass will always be the exact differential of some function.
الصفحة 9 - S under consideration, will be expressed by a partial differential of a certain function of the co-ordinates which serve to define the point's position in space. The consideration of this function is of great importance in many inquiries, and probably there are none in which its utility is more marked than in those about to engage our attention. In the sequel we shall often have occasion to speak of this function, and will therefore, for abridgement, call it the potential function arising from the...
الصفحة 283 - Moreover, should the radius of the sphere of sensible action of the molecular forces bear any finite ratio to X, the length of a wave of light, as some philosophers have supposed, in order to explain the phenomena of dispersion, instead of an abrupt termination of our two media we should have a continuous though rapid change of state of the ethereal medium in the immediate vicinity of their surface of separation. And I have here endeavoured to...
الصفحة 3 - CAVENDISH, who having confined himself to such simple methods as may readily be understood by any one possessed of an elementary knowledge of geometry and fluxions, has rendered his paper accessible to a great number of readers; and although, from subsequent remarks, he appears dissatisfied with an hypothesis which enabled him to draw some important conclusions, it will readily be perceived, on an attentive perusal of his paper, that a trifling alteration will suffice to render the whole perfectly...
الصفحة 315 - In the case just alluded to, it is required to determine the circumstances of the motion of an indefinitely extended nonelastic fluid, when agitated by a solid ellipsoidal body, moving parallel to itself, according to any given law, always supposing the body's excursions very small, compared with its dimensions. From what will be shown in the sequel, the general solution of this problem may very easily be obtained.
الصفحة 14 - ... the radius of the spherical conductor to the thickness of the glass in that point. The total quantity of electricity contained in the interior of any number of equal and similar jars, when one of them communicates with the prime conductor and the others are charged by cascade, is precisely equal to that, which one only would receive, if placed in communication with the same conductor, its exterior surface being connected with the common reservoir.
الصفحة 32 - To convince ourselves that there does exist such a function as we have supposed U to be; conceive the surface to be a perfect conductor put in communication with the earth, and a unit of positive electricity to be concentrated in the point p', then the total potential function arising from p' and from the electricity it will induce upon the surface, will be the required value of U.