Mathematics Unbound: The Evolution of an International Mathematical Research Community, 1800-1945

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Karen Hunger Parshall, Adrian Clifford Rice
American Mathematical Soc. - Mathematics - 406 pages
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Although today's mathematical research community takes its international character very much for granted, this ''global nature'' is relatively recent, having evolved over a period of roughly 150 years-from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the middle of the twentieth century. During this time, the practice of mathematics changed from being centered on a collection of disparate national communities to being characterized by an international group of scholars for whom thegoal of mathematical research and cooperation transcended national boundaries. Yet, the development of an international community was far from smooth and involved obstacles such as war, political upheaval, and national rivalries. Until now, this evolution has been largely overlooked by historians andmathematicians alike. This book addresses the issue by bringing together essays by twenty experts in the history of mathematics who have investigated the genesis of today's international mathematical community. This includes not only developments within component national mathematical communities, such as the growth of societies and journals, but also more wide-ranging political, philosophical, linguistic, and pedagogical issues. The resulting volume is essential reading for anyone interestedin the history of modern mathematics. It will be of interest to mathematicians, historians of mathematics, and historians of science in general.
 

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Contents

The Diffusion of French Mathematics
17
Spanish Initiatives to Bring Mathematics in Spain into
45
International Mathematical Contributions to British Scientific
61
International Participation in Liouvilles Journal de rnathematiqucs
89
The Effects of War on Frances International Role in Mathematics
105
Charles Hermite and German Mathematics in France
123
Gosta MittagLeffler and the Foundation and Administration
139
The Circolo
179
The Emergence of the Japanese Mathematical Comumnity
229
Individuals
253
ChineseU S Mathematical Relations 18591949
287
The Case
311
The Effects of Nazi Rule on the International Participation
335
War Refugees and the Creation of an International
359
The Formation of the International Mathematical Union
381
Index
399

Languages for Mathematics and the Langnage of Mathematics
201

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