## Mathematics Unbound: The Evolution of an International Mathematical Research Community, 1800-1945Although today's mathematical research community takes its international character very much for granted, this ''global nature'' is relatively recent, having evolved over a period of roughly 150 years-from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the middle of the twentieth century. During this time, the practice of mathematics changed from being centered on a collection of disparate national communities to being characterized by an international group of scholars for whom thegoal of mathematical research and cooperation transcended national boundaries. Yet, the development of an international community was far from smooth and involved obstacles such as war, political upheaval, and national rivalries. Until now, this evolution has been largely overlooked by historians andmathematicians alike. This book addresses the issue by bringing together essays by twenty experts in the history of mathematics who have investigated the genesis of today's international mathematical community. This includes not only developments within component national mathematical communities, such as the growth of societies and journals, but also more wide-ranging political, philosophical, linguistic, and pedagogical issues. The resulting volume is essential reading for anyone interestedin the history of modern mathematics. It will be of interest to mathematicians, historians of mathematics, and historians of science in general. |

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### Contents

The Diffusion of French Mathematics | 17 |

Spanish Initiatives to Bring Mathematics in Spain into | 45 |

International Mathematical Contributions to British Scientific | 61 |

International Participation in Liouvilles Journal de rnathematiqucs | 89 |

The Effects of War on Frances International Role in Mathematics | 105 |

Charles Hermite and German Mathematics in France | 123 |

Gosta MittagLeffler and the Foundation and Administration | 139 |

The Circolo | 179 |

The Emergence of the Japanese Mathematical Comumnity | 229 |

Individuals | 253 |

ChineseU S Mathematical Relations 18591949 | 287 |

The Case | 311 |

The Effects of Nazi Rule on the International Participation | 335 |

War Refugees and the Creation of an International | 359 |

The Formation of the International Mathematical Union | 381 |

399 | |

### Other editions - View all

Mathematics Unbound: The Evolution of an International Mathematical Research ... No preview available - 2002 |

### Common terms and phrases

academic Acta Mathematica ahuost algebra American Mathematical Society applied mathematics Archive Arzela Ausejo Beijing Berlin British Cambridge Cantor chapter Charles Hermite Chern China Chinese Mathematical Congress of Mathematicians countries Dickson E. H. Moore ematical Enrico Betti equations European example Felix Klein France French mathematical French mathematicians functions Galois geometry German mathematicians Gottingen Guccia Hermite Hilbert history of mathematics Hunger Parshall Institute International Congress international mathematical International Mathematical Union internationalization Italian J. J. Sylvester Japan Japanese Jiang Joseph Joseph Liouville Journal of Pure Karen Hunger language lectures Liouville Liouville's London Mathematical Society mathe mathematical comumnity Mathematical Journal mathematical research mathematicians mathematiques pures matics Memoire Messenger of Mathematics Mittag-Leffler modern nineteenth century Palermo papers Paris Poincare political professor published pures et appliquees Quarterly Journal research comumnity Rogal scientific Siglo theorem theory Tokyo Tongwen Guan translation umch volume Weierstrafi Western World York

### References to this book

James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World Karen Hunger Parshall Limited preview - 2006 |