Maximizing the Power of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in Applied Land Informatics
Geographic information systems (GIS) have been implemented in a variety of organizations around the world and are increasingly used as a spatial decision-making tool by a wide range of disciplines. This diffusion of GIS has been driven primarily by advancements in GIS-related technologies such as hardware and software. While introducing GIS, very few organizations have scrutinized the socio-cultural infrastructure of an organization such as data and user needs. This black-box approach to GIS implementation has often led to disappointing outcomes, contrary to organization's initial expectations. This book is based on the author's inexhaustible motive to help maximize the benefits from GIS in corporate settings by understanding better and sound GIS design that meets organizational missions, goals and needs. This study is a compilation of the land information research undertaken during the 1990s. A model was conceptualized and applied to local organizations to help evaluate the implementation of organization-wide or corporate geospatial information systems (GIS) over time. A questionnaire was developed to assess values and perceptions associated with the model components. The evalua
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Table 21 Key Implementation Factors Identified by Ventura 1989
Table 22 Implementation Factors of Importance Identified by Foley
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analysis and/or applications approach areas assessment automation benefits Box Plot Chapter City Council cost Criteria Data conversion data redundancy data types database DCDB departments efficiency employees evaluation expertise factors Figure Friedman test GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM GIS data GIS implementation GIS technology GIS/LIS hardware and software Hervey Bay human resources Ibid identified implementation of GIS implementation plan implementation process implementation success implementing GIS important increase information systems initial integration interfaces issues key success indicators KURTOSIS(G2 LGA Code LGAs in Queensland LIS/GIS Livingstone Shire managerial maps MEDIAN needs obstacles operational organization organizational particular perceived perceptions Pine Rivers Shire planning process problems Queensland LGAs Question questionnaire Redland Shire Council redundancy respondents role Shire Council SKEWNESS(Gl socio-cultural socio-technical system spatial stages of implementation STANDARD DEV success indicators Success of Implementation survey Table technical variables VARIANCE